Effect of linoleic acid-rich diet on blood pressure, lipids, catecholamines, and dopamine -beta-hydroxylase in spontaneously hypertensive rats.Acta Biol Med Ger. 1982; 41(2-3):215-25.AB
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar rats were fed a linoleic acid-rich (LAR) and -deficient (LAD) diet for 22 weeks, respectively. Although linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in serum and liver triglycerides markedly increased after a LAR diet, LA was significantly lower and AA was higher in SHR when compared to normotensive control rats. Thus, the percentage of both fatty acids remained different like in animals fed a commercial diet. On the contrary, in SHR and normotensive rats fed a LAD diet no differences in the LA and AA content could be found between the groups. In these rats, however, n-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids) in serum triglycerides were increased. Blood pressure, serum triglycerides and total cholesterol appeared unchanged, whereas HDL-cholesterol was increased after a LAR diet. Dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline content as well as dopamine-beta-hydroxylase activity were augmented in adrenal glands of SHR fed a LAR diet. In spite of distinct biochemical alterations the genetically determined hypertension in rats could not be influenced by a long-lasting diet containing a high amount of LA which has been proved to be effective on lowering blood pressure in other hypertensive rat models.