Blood vitamin status (B1, B2, B6, folic acid and B12) in patients with alcoholic liver disease.Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1982; 52(3):266-71.IJ
Blood vitamin status (B1, B2, B6, folic acid and B12) was assessed in 41 patients (M = 39; F = 2) with alcoholic liver disease. Biochemical evidence of thiamine deficiency was observed in all groups of patients. Deficiency of riboflavin was detected in patients with histologically normal liver but not in other groups. All the groups were found to be deficient in pyridoxal-5-phosphate--the active form of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). Serum folate was decreased in all groups except in those with alcoholic hepatitis: red cell folate was, of course within normal limits in all the groups. Vitamin B12 levels were within normal limits in all groups except the cirrhotic one where it was raised. Clinico-biochemical implications of the findings are discussed. Biochemical changes in blood vitamin status may precede clinical manifestations of a disease process and may have prognostic value.