Psorospermin, a new antileukemic xanthone from Psorospermum febrifugum.J Nat Prod. 1980 Mar-Apr; 43(2):296-301.JN
An ethanolic extract of Psorospermum febrifugum was fractionated with antileukemic activity in vivo in the P388 lymphocytic leukemia in mice and in vitro in the KB cell culture system used as a guide. The new antileukemic xanthone psorospermin 1 was isolated, and its structure was elucidated. The chlorohydrin of O-methylpsorospermin 2 was also isolated after treatment of the fraction containing psorospermin chlorohydrin 6 with diazomethane. Psorospermin 1 was demonstrated to have significant antitumor activity in the P388 in vivo system as well as cytotoxicity against the KB in vitro system.