Serum thyrotropin response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone and free thyroid hormone indices in patients with familial thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency.Endocrinol Jpn. 1977 Aug; 23(4):313-7.EJ
The response in serum thyrotropin (TSH) to synthetic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) as well as serum free thyroxine index (FT4I) and free triiodothyronine index (FT3I) was investigated in six patients with familial thyroxine-binding-globulin (TBG) deficiency. The total serum thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations were significantly decreased, compared with those of normal subjects (3.4 +/- 0.9 microgram/dl, mean +/- SD. vs. 9.0 +/- 1.5 microgram/dl, p less than 0.01 and 87 +/- 27 ng/dl vs. 153 +/- 37 ng/dl, p less than 0.01, respectively). FT4I was lower than the normal range in all but one (5.3 +/- 1.5 vs. 8.9 +/- 1.6, p less than 0.01), whereas FT3I was all in the normal range and of no significant difference from the normal control (132 +/- 22 vs. 148 +/- 25). Serum TSH concentrations in TBG deficiency were all in the normal range (1.0-4.2 muU/ml) and the maximum TSH increments following TRH 500 microgram iv were 8.9 +/- 2.0 muU/ml and of no significant difference from the normal control (10.2 +/- 4.5 muU/ml). These results indicate that the euthyroid state in familial TBG deficiency is more clearly defined by TRH-test and the normal response to TRH in familial TBG deficiency is presumably under the control of the serum free T3 level rather than the serum free T4 level.