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Self-blame and depressive symptoms.
J Pers Soc Psychol 1981; 41(2):253-9JP

Abstract

Are internal attributions for bad events always associated with depression? The depressive symptoms of 87 female undergraduates correlated with blame directed at their own characters. In contrast, blame directed at their own behaviors correlated with lack of depressive symptoms. Behaviorally attributed bad events were seen as more controllable and their causes less stable and less global than were characterologically attributed bad events and their causes. Characterological blame increased with more negative life events during the last year, implying that individuals who blame their character may arrive at this attributional style by a covariation analysis. Finally, characterological blame did not precede the onset of depressive symptoms 6 or 12 weeks later. Thus, characterological blame may be a strong concomitant of depression, but not a cause.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7277204

Citation

Peterson, C, et al. "Self-blame and Depressive Symptoms." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 41, no. 2, 1981, pp. 253-9.
Peterson C, Schwartz SM, Seligman ME. Self-blame and depressive symptoms. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1981;41(2):253-9.
Peterson, C., Schwartz, S. M., & Seligman, M. E. (1981). Self-blame and depressive symptoms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41(2), pp. 253-9.
Peterson C, Schwartz SM, Seligman ME. Self-blame and Depressive Symptoms. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1981;41(2):253-9. PubMed PMID: 7277204.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-blame and depressive symptoms. AU - Peterson,C, AU - Schwartz,S M, AU - Seligman,M E, PY - 1981/8/1/pubmed PY - 1981/8/1/medline PY - 1981/8/1/entrez SP - 253 EP - 9 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 41 IS - 2 N2 - Are internal attributions for bad events always associated with depression? The depressive symptoms of 87 female undergraduates correlated with blame directed at their own characters. In contrast, blame directed at their own behaviors correlated with lack of depressive symptoms. Behaviorally attributed bad events were seen as more controllable and their causes less stable and less global than were characterologically attributed bad events and their causes. Characterological blame increased with more negative life events during the last year, implying that individuals who blame their character may arrive at this attributional style by a covariation analysis. Finally, characterological blame did not precede the onset of depressive symptoms 6 or 12 weeks later. Thus, characterological blame may be a strong concomitant of depression, but not a cause. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7277204/Self_blame_and_depressive_symptoms_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=7277204.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -