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Infant irritability, mother responsiveness, and social support influences on the security of infant-mother attachment.
Child Dev. 1981 Sep; 52(3):857-65.CD

Abstract

This study investigates the influence of infant irritability, maternal responsiveness, and social support on the development of secure and anxious infant-mother attachments at 1 year. Infant irritability was assessed during the neonatal period using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, maternal responsiveness to crying was measured during observations at 3 months, and social support was based on interviews also conducted at 3 months. Security of attachment measures were derived from strange-situation videotapes. Results indicate that social support is the best predictor of secure attachment, and that it is most important for mothers with irritable babies. Maternal unresponsiveness is associated with resistance during reunion episodes and appears to be a mechanism through which anxious attachment develops. Some evidence suggests that social support may mitigate the effects of unresponsive mothering by providing the infant with a responsive substitute. Results are discussed in terms of a transactional/contextual model of development.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7285658

Citation

Crockenberg, S B.. "Infant Irritability, Mother Responsiveness, and Social Support Influences On the Security of Infant-mother Attachment." Child Development, vol. 52, no. 3, 1981, pp. 857-65.
Crockenberg SB. Infant irritability, mother responsiveness, and social support influences on the security of infant-mother attachment. Child Dev. 1981;52(3):857-65.
Crockenberg, S. B. (1981). Infant irritability, mother responsiveness, and social support influences on the security of infant-mother attachment. Child Development, 52(3), 857-65.
Crockenberg SB. Infant Irritability, Mother Responsiveness, and Social Support Influences On the Security of Infant-mother Attachment. Child Dev. 1981;52(3):857-65. PubMed PMID: 7285658.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Infant irritability, mother responsiveness, and social support influences on the security of infant-mother attachment. A1 - Crockenberg,S B, PY - 1981/9/1/pubmed PY - 1981/9/1/medline PY - 1981/9/1/entrez SP - 857 EP - 65 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 52 IS - 3 N2 - This study investigates the influence of infant irritability, maternal responsiveness, and social support on the development of secure and anxious infant-mother attachments at 1 year. Infant irritability was assessed during the neonatal period using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, maternal responsiveness to crying was measured during observations at 3 months, and social support was based on interviews also conducted at 3 months. Security of attachment measures were derived from strange-situation videotapes. Results indicate that social support is the best predictor of secure attachment, and that it is most important for mothers with irritable babies. Maternal unresponsiveness is associated with resistance during reunion episodes and appears to be a mechanism through which anxious attachment develops. Some evidence suggests that social support may mitigate the effects of unresponsive mothering by providing the infant with a responsive substitute. Results are discussed in terms of a transactional/contextual model of development. SN - 0009-3920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7285658/Infant_irritability_mother_responsiveness_and_social_support_influences_on_the_security_of_infant_mother_attachment_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -