Metabolic insufficiency as a limiting factor in the dietetic treatment of obesity.Horm Metab Res. 1981 Sep; 13(9):477-9.HM
Previous observations that acute total fasting decreases serum T3 and increase rT3 has prompted the following study. 17 obese women were placed on a 1000 kcal/day weight-reducing diet, and body weight (BW), serum T4, RT3U, T3, rT3, TSH and the Achilles tendon reflex (ATR) were estimated before and after each month for 3 consecutive months of the diet. The results showed a consistent decrease in serum T3, and inconsistent increase in rT3, a consistent prolongation of the ATR and a levelling-off of the BW loss after the second month of the diet. At 3 months there was a negative correlation between the decrease in BW and the increase in ATR, i.e. the more abnormal the ATR became, the less weight the patient lost. It is concluded: 1) Even a moderate hypocaloric diet in ambulatory patients induces a disturbance in the peripheral conversion of T4 to T3 and a secondary state of metabolic insufficiency. 2). This insufficiency is probable related to the observed tendency of the BW loss to level off after two months. 3) A controlled trial of physiologic doses of T3, such as 40 mu g/day, seems indicated, as opposed to pharmacologic dosed of T3 used by previous investigators.