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Antioxidant status in long-term adherents to a strict uncooked vegan diet.
Am J Clin Nutr 1995; 62(6):1221-7AJ

Abstract

Antioxidant status was investigated in 20 Finnish middle-aged female vegans and in one male vegan who were following a strict, uncooked vegan diet ("living food diet"), by means of a dietary survey and biochemical measurements (blood concentrations of vitamins C and E and beta-carotene, and the activities of the zinc/copper-dependent superoxide dismutase and selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase). Values were compared with those of omnivores matched for sex, age, social status, and residence. Antioxidant supplementation was used by 4 of 20 female vegans and by 11 of 20 control subjects. Based on dietary records, the vegans had significantly higher intakes of beta-carotene, vitamin E, vitamin C, and copper, and a significantly lower intake of selenium than the omnivorous control subjects. The calculated dietary antioxidant intakes by the vegans, expressed as percentages of the US recommended dietary allowances, were as follows: 305% of vitamin C, 247% of vitamin A, 313% of vitamin E, 92% of zinc, 120% of copper, and 49% of selenium. Compared with the omnivores, the vegans had significantly higher blood concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E, as well as higher erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity. These differences were also seen in pairs who were using no antioxidant supplements. The present data indicate that the "living food diet" provides significantly more dietary antioxidants than does the cooked, omnivorous diet, and that the long-term adherents to this diet have a better antioxidant status than do omnivorous control subjects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7491884

Citation

Rauma, A L., et al. "Antioxidant Status in Long-term Adherents to a Strict Uncooked Vegan Diet." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 62, no. 6, 1995, pp. 1221-7.
Rauma AL, Törrönen R, Hänninen O, et al. Antioxidant status in long-term adherents to a strict uncooked vegan diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1995;62(6):1221-7.
Rauma, A. L., Törrönen, R., Hänninen, O., Verhagen, H., & Mykkänen, H. (1995). Antioxidant status in long-term adherents to a strict uncooked vegan diet. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62(6), pp. 1221-7.
Rauma AL, et al. Antioxidant Status in Long-term Adherents to a Strict Uncooked Vegan Diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1995;62(6):1221-7. PubMed PMID: 7491884.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antioxidant status in long-term adherents to a strict uncooked vegan diet. AU - Rauma,A L, AU - Törrönen,R, AU - Hänninen,O, AU - Verhagen,H, AU - Mykkänen,H, PY - 1995/12/1/pubmed PY - 1995/12/1/medline PY - 1995/12/1/entrez SP - 1221 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 62 IS - 6 N2 - Antioxidant status was investigated in 20 Finnish middle-aged female vegans and in one male vegan who were following a strict, uncooked vegan diet ("living food diet"), by means of a dietary survey and biochemical measurements (blood concentrations of vitamins C and E and beta-carotene, and the activities of the zinc/copper-dependent superoxide dismutase and selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase). Values were compared with those of omnivores matched for sex, age, social status, and residence. Antioxidant supplementation was used by 4 of 20 female vegans and by 11 of 20 control subjects. Based on dietary records, the vegans had significantly higher intakes of beta-carotene, vitamin E, vitamin C, and copper, and a significantly lower intake of selenium than the omnivorous control subjects. The calculated dietary antioxidant intakes by the vegans, expressed as percentages of the US recommended dietary allowances, were as follows: 305% of vitamin C, 247% of vitamin A, 313% of vitamin E, 92% of zinc, 120% of copper, and 49% of selenium. Compared with the omnivores, the vegans had significantly higher blood concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E, as well as higher erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity. These differences were also seen in pairs who were using no antioxidant supplements. The present data indicate that the "living food diet" provides significantly more dietary antioxidants than does the cooked, omnivorous diet, and that the long-term adherents to this diet have a better antioxidant status than do omnivorous control subjects. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7491884/Antioxidant_status_in_long_term_adherents_to_a_strict_uncooked_vegan_diet_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/62.6.1221 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -