Effect of milk and fermented milk on iron absorption in ileostomy subjects.Am J Clin Nutr. 1995 Dec; 62(6):1234-8.AJ
This study was undertaken to determine whether milk with its high calcium content adversely affects the absorption of nonheme iron from the diet as greatly as single-meal studies indicate. Nine ileostomy subjects ate a low-fiber, low-phytate diet for 8 consecutive weeks. During the first and eight weeks they drank a 250-mL soft drink with three main meals and an evening snack each day (0.16 g Ca/d). During the two intervening 3-wk periods, they drank the same amount of low-fat milk or fermented low-fat milk (Verum; Hälsofil, Norrmejerier, Umeä, Sweden) according to a formally randomized crossover design (1.4 g Ca/d). During the last 2 d in each of the four periods, apparent iron absorption (balance) from a test diet together with that period's beverage was measured and the plasma ferritin concentration was determined. There was no decrease in apparent iron absorption during the milk diet periods.