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Perception and utilisation of malaria prophylaxis among pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
East Afr Med J. 1995 Jul; 72(7):431-5.EA

Abstract

Knowledge, perception and utilisation of malaria prophylaxis were assessed among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Of the 301 women interviewed, 71.1% reported having used chloroquine prophylaxis while 28.9% did not. Women with high knowledge of malaria were more likely to use malaria prophylaxis than those with low knowledge. However, there was no significant association between knowledge of malaria and perceived effectiveness of the various methods of malaria control. Chloroquine side effects and perceived lack of protective effect against malaria were mentioned as causes of failure to use chloroquine prophylaxis. Fear of chloroquine-induced pruritus accounted for the largest proportion (49.4%) of women who reported having failed to use chloroquine prophylaxis. Occurrence of malaria episodes was reported to be similar among users and non-users of malaria prophylaxis probably due to inconsistent use of malaria prophylaxis and reduced chloroquine sensitivity of malaria parasites. It is suggested that, in addition to chemoprophylaxis, pregnant women should be encouraged to use bednets in combination with mosquito repellents throughout the course of pregnancy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, College of Health Sciences, Muhimbili University, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7498025

Citation

Mnyika, K S., et al. "Perception and Utilisation of Malaria Prophylaxis Among Pregnant Women in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania." East African Medical Journal, vol. 72, no. 7, 1995, pp. 431-5.
Mnyika KS, Kabalimu TK, Lugoe WL. Perception and utilisation of malaria prophylaxis among pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1995;72(7):431-5.
Mnyika, K. S., Kabalimu, T. K., & Lugoe, W. L. (1995). Perception and utilisation of malaria prophylaxis among pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East African Medical Journal, 72(7), 431-5.
Mnyika KS, Kabalimu TK, Lugoe WL. Perception and Utilisation of Malaria Prophylaxis Among Pregnant Women in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1995;72(7):431-5. PubMed PMID: 7498025.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perception and utilisation of malaria prophylaxis among pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. AU - Mnyika,K S, AU - Kabalimu,T K, AU - Lugoe,W L, PY - 1995/7/1/pubmed PY - 1995/7/1/medline PY - 1995/7/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Behavior KW - Comparative Studies KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Drugs--side effects KW - Eastern Africa KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Knowledge KW - Malaria--prevention and control KW - Parasitic Diseases KW - Perception KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Pregnant Women KW - Psychological Factors KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Studies KW - Tanzania KW - Treatment KW - Urban Population--women KW - User Compliance SP - 431 EP - 5 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 72 IS - 7 N2 - Knowledge, perception and utilisation of malaria prophylaxis were assessed among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Of the 301 women interviewed, 71.1% reported having used chloroquine prophylaxis while 28.9% did not. Women with high knowledge of malaria were more likely to use malaria prophylaxis than those with low knowledge. However, there was no significant association between knowledge of malaria and perceived effectiveness of the various methods of malaria control. Chloroquine side effects and perceived lack of protective effect against malaria were mentioned as causes of failure to use chloroquine prophylaxis. Fear of chloroquine-induced pruritus accounted for the largest proportion (49.4%) of women who reported having failed to use chloroquine prophylaxis. Occurrence of malaria episodes was reported to be similar among users and non-users of malaria prophylaxis probably due to inconsistent use of malaria prophylaxis and reduced chloroquine sensitivity of malaria parasites. It is suggested that, in addition to chemoprophylaxis, pregnant women should be encouraged to use bednets in combination with mosquito repellents throughout the course of pregnancy. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7498025/Perception_and_utilisation_of_malaria_prophylaxis_among_pregnant_women_in_Dar_es_Salaam_Tanzania_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4415 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -