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Child malnutrition in poor smallholder households in rural Kenya: an in-depth situation analysis.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1995; 49(9):691-702EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the effect of seasonal changes on household food availability on the nutritional status of preschool children from rural households.

DESIGN

Households with preschool children were randomly selected from a sampling frame developed from a census list. Data were collected each month or at intervals for 14 months using pre-coded questionnaires.

SETTING

The study was carried out in Njoro division, Nakuru district, Kenya.

SUBJECTS

Subjects comprised 41 preschool children (22 girls and 19 boys) aged between 18 and 36 months. Households with preschool children were listed from a census conducted earlier. A random sample of 45 subjects was selected, out of which 41 completed the study.

INTERVENTION

Food consumption data were collected monthly using the 24-h recall method, and by the 3-day weighed record method during the peak of each season. Subjects were measured once each month, while length was measured at three intervals over the study period.

RESULTS

Significant differences in intake of calcium, vitamin A, thiamin and riboflavin were observed between the lean and the post-harvest months, but not with energy, protein, fat, iron, niacin and vitamin C. There were no significant seasonal differences in mean weight changes, which were at the rate of 182 g/month. Mean length increased at a faster rate during the lean season compared to the postharvest months. 51% of the children were stunted during the lean season compared to 28% in the post-harvest months.

CONCLUSION

The results indicate a seasonal influence on energy and nutrient intake among preschoolers from low income rural households in Kenya.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Home Economics, Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7498105

Citation

Kigutha, H N., et al. "Child Malnutrition in Poor Smallholder Households in Rural Kenya: an In-depth Situation Analysis." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 49, no. 9, 1995, pp. 691-702.
Kigutha HN, van Staveren WA, Veerman W, et al. Child malnutrition in poor smallholder households in rural Kenya: an in-depth situation analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1995;49(9):691-702.
Kigutha, H. N., van Staveren, W. A., Veerman, W., & Hautvast, J. G. (1995). Child malnutrition in poor smallholder households in rural Kenya: an in-depth situation analysis. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 49(9), pp. 691-702.
Kigutha HN, et al. Child Malnutrition in Poor Smallholder Households in Rural Kenya: an In-depth Situation Analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1995;49(9):691-702. PubMed PMID: 7498105.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Child malnutrition in poor smallholder households in rural Kenya: an in-depth situation analysis. AU - Kigutha,H N, AU - van Staveren,W A, AU - Veerman,W, AU - Hautvast,J G, PY - 1995/9/1/pubmed PY - 1995/9/1/medline PY - 1995/9/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Biology KW - Body Height--changes KW - Caloric Intake KW - Child KW - Child Development KW - Child Nutrition KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Eastern Africa KW - Economic Factors KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Growth KW - Health KW - Kenya KW - Low Income Population KW - Malnutrition KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Nutrition Surveys KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Population Dynamics KW - Research Report KW - Rural Population KW - Seasonal Variation KW - Social Class KW - Socioeconomic Factors KW - Socioeconomic Status KW - Youth SP - 691 EP - 702 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 49 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of seasonal changes on household food availability on the nutritional status of preschool children from rural households. DESIGN: Households with preschool children were randomly selected from a sampling frame developed from a census list. Data were collected each month or at intervals for 14 months using pre-coded questionnaires. SETTING: The study was carried out in Njoro division, Nakuru district, Kenya. SUBJECTS: Subjects comprised 41 preschool children (22 girls and 19 boys) aged between 18 and 36 months. Households with preschool children were listed from a census conducted earlier. A random sample of 45 subjects was selected, out of which 41 completed the study. INTERVENTION: Food consumption data were collected monthly using the 24-h recall method, and by the 3-day weighed record method during the peak of each season. Subjects were measured once each month, while length was measured at three intervals over the study period. RESULTS: Significant differences in intake of calcium, vitamin A, thiamin and riboflavin were observed between the lean and the post-harvest months, but not with energy, protein, fat, iron, niacin and vitamin C. There were no significant seasonal differences in mean weight changes, which were at the rate of 182 g/month. Mean length increased at a faster rate during the lean season compared to the postharvest months. 51% of the children were stunted during the lean season compared to 28% in the post-harvest months. CONCLUSION: The results indicate a seasonal influence on energy and nutrient intake among preschoolers from low income rural households in Kenya. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7498105/Child_malnutrition_in_poor_smallholder_households_in_rural_Kenya:_an_in_depth_situation_analysis_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childnutrition.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -