Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effect of aerosolized recombinant human DNase on exacerbations of respiratory symptoms and on pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis. The Pulmozyme Study Group.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Respiratory disease in patients with cystic fibrosis is characterized by airway obstruction caused by the accumulation of thick, purulent secretions, which results in recurrent, symptomatic exacerbations. The viscoelasticity of the secretions can be reduced in vitro by recombinant human deoxyribonuclease I (rhDNase), a bioengineered copy of the human enzyme.

METHODS

We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine the effects of once-daily and twice-daily administration of rhDNase on exacerbations of respiratory symptoms requiring parenteral antibiotics and on pulmonary function. A total of 968 adults and children with cystic fibrosis were treated for 24 weeks as outpatients.

RESULTS

One or more exacerbations occurred in 27 percent of the patients given placebo, 22 percent of those treated with rhDNase once daily, and 19 percent of those treated with rhDNase twice daily. As compared with placebo, the administration of rhDNase once daily and twice daily reduced the age-adjusted risk of respiratory exacerbations by 28 percent (P = 0.04) and 37 percent (P < 0.01), respectively. The administration of rhDNase once daily and twice daily improved forced expiratory volume in one second during the study by a mean (+/- SD) of 5.8 +/- 0.7 and 5.6 +/- 0.7 percent, respectively. None of the patients had anaphylaxis. Voice alteration and laryngitis were more frequent in the rhDNase-treated patients than in those receiving placebo but were rarely severe and resolved within 21 days of onset.

CONCLUSIONS

In patients with cystic fibrosis, the administration of rhDNase reduced but did not eliminate exacerbations of respiratory symptoms, resulted in slight improvement in pulmonary function, and was well tolerated.

Links

  • FREE Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Medical Affairs, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080.

    , , , , , , ,

    Source

    The New England journal of medicine 331:10 1994 Sep 08 pg 637-42

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aerosols
    Airway Obstruction
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Cystic Fibrosis
    Deoxyribonuclease I
    Double-Blind Method
    Drug Administration Schedule
    Expectorants
    Female
    Forced Expiratory Volume
    Humans
    Lung
    Male
    Recombinant Proteins
    Vital Capacity

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial
    Journal Article
    Multicenter Study
    Randomized Controlled Trial
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    7503821

    Citation

    Fuchs, H J., et al. "Effect of Aerosolized Recombinant Human DNase On Exacerbations of Respiratory Symptoms and On Pulmonary Function in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis. the Pulmozyme Study Group." The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 331, no. 10, 1994, pp. 637-42.
    Fuchs HJ, Borowitz DS, Christiansen DH, et al. Effect of aerosolized recombinant human DNase on exacerbations of respiratory symptoms and on pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis. The Pulmozyme Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1994;331(10):637-42.
    Fuchs, H. J., Borowitz, D. S., Christiansen, D. H., Morris, E. M., Nash, M. L., Ramsey, B. W., ... Wohl, M. E. (1994). Effect of aerosolized recombinant human DNase on exacerbations of respiratory symptoms and on pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis. The Pulmozyme Study Group. The New England Journal of Medicine, 331(10), pp. 637-42.
    Fuchs HJ, et al. Effect of Aerosolized Recombinant Human DNase On Exacerbations of Respiratory Symptoms and On Pulmonary Function in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis. the Pulmozyme Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1994 Sep 8;331(10):637-42. PubMed PMID: 7503821.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of aerosolized recombinant human DNase on exacerbations of respiratory symptoms and on pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis. The Pulmozyme Study Group. AU - Fuchs,H J, AU - Borowitz,D S, AU - Christiansen,D H, AU - Morris,E M, AU - Nash,M L, AU - Ramsey,B W, AU - Rosenstein,B J, AU - Smith,A L, AU - Wohl,M E, PY - 1994/9/8/pubmed PY - 1994/9/8/medline PY - 1994/9/8/entrez SP - 637 EP - 42 JF - The New England journal of medicine JO - N. Engl. J. Med. VL - 331 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Respiratory disease in patients with cystic fibrosis is characterized by airway obstruction caused by the accumulation of thick, purulent secretions, which results in recurrent, symptomatic exacerbations. The viscoelasticity of the secretions can be reduced in vitro by recombinant human deoxyribonuclease I (rhDNase), a bioengineered copy of the human enzyme. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine the effects of once-daily and twice-daily administration of rhDNase on exacerbations of respiratory symptoms requiring parenteral antibiotics and on pulmonary function. A total of 968 adults and children with cystic fibrosis were treated for 24 weeks as outpatients. RESULTS: One or more exacerbations occurred in 27 percent of the patients given placebo, 22 percent of those treated with rhDNase once daily, and 19 percent of those treated with rhDNase twice daily. As compared with placebo, the administration of rhDNase once daily and twice daily reduced the age-adjusted risk of respiratory exacerbations by 28 percent (P = 0.04) and 37 percent (P < 0.01), respectively. The administration of rhDNase once daily and twice daily improved forced expiratory volume in one second during the study by a mean (+/- SD) of 5.8 +/- 0.7 and 5.6 +/- 0.7 percent, respectively. None of the patients had anaphylaxis. Voice alteration and laryngitis were more frequent in the rhDNase-treated patients than in those receiving placebo but were rarely severe and resolved within 21 days of onset. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with cystic fibrosis, the administration of rhDNase reduced but did not eliminate exacerbations of respiratory symptoms, resulted in slight improvement in pulmonary function, and was well tolerated. SN - 0028-4793 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7503821/full_citation L2 - https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJM199409083311003?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -