[Investigation on anti-HCV antibody in Shashi District].Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 1993; 14(6):331-3ZL
In Shashi District, 2084 blood donors and 890 patients with liver diseases have been tested for anti-HCV antibody by using the second generation reagent. As a result, the blood donors showed a positive rate of 0.29% and the patients with liver diseases 1.35%. This indicated that HCV virus infection was present in Shashi District, and the infection is relatively low. Positive result was not found among 432 patients with hepatitis A and 8 patients with acute hepatitis B, while 11 out of 443 patients with chronic hepatitis B showed positive result with a positive rate of 2.48%. One of five patients with active cirrhosis of liver was positive for anti-HCV antibody. It indicates that the mixed or cross HCV infection might lead to chronicity of the HCV infection and active cirrhosis.