Presentation of a horse cytochrome c peptide by multiple H-2b class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules to C57BL/6- and bm1-derived cytotoxic T lymphocytes: presence of a single MHC anchor residue may confer efficient peptide-specific CTL recognition.Eur J Immunol. 1994 Sep; 24(9):2141-9.EJ
In this study the immunogenic tryptic fragment from a horse cytochrome c (cyt c) digest recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) induced by in vitro peptide stimulation from C57BL/6 (B6) and mutant B6.C-H-2bm1 (bm1) mice is identified. An identical sequence, p40-53, is recognized by CTL from both B6 and bm1 mice. In addition, both B6 bm1 cloned CTL lines display unusual major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted recognition of this peptide in that they respond to it in the context of H-2Kb, H-2Db, and H-2Kbm1 class I molecules, although the sequence lacks the usual structural Kb and Db peptide-binding motifs. Truncated analogues which resemble the lengths of naturally processed MHC class I-presented peptides, confer reactivity for B6 and bm1 CTL against EL4 (H-2b) targets as well as the L cell transfectants, L+Kb, L+Db, and L+Kbm1. The antigenic peptide with the greatest potency is p41-49, which appears to be generated by angiotensin converting enzyme cleavage of the full-length p40-53 tryptic peptide. The minimum antigenic peptide recognized by both B6 and bm1 CTL, and which targets lysis on each of the transfectants, is the hexamer p43-48 peptide from horse cyt c. Residues Pro44 and Thr47, which occupy polymorphic positions with respect to other species-variant cyt c molecules, influence recognition of these peptides differently for the B6 and bm1 CTL. The ability of H-2Kb, H-2Db, and mutant H-2Kbm1 class I molecules to present the same peptide to a single cloned CTL is discussed in the context of current knowledge of peptide anchor residues and side chain-specific binding pockets in the MHC class I peptide-binding site.