Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of bleeding duodenal ulcer patients with and without dyspepsia.Acta Med Croatica 1994; 48(4-5):175-8AM
The most relevant clinical presentations of duodenal ulcer disease are pain and acute bleeding. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relevance of dyspepsia in patients with bleeding duodenal ulcer, and to compare the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of bleeding patients with and without dyspepsia. A total of 82 patients with isolated duodenal ulcer and bleeding were included in this study. There were 48 (58.5%) dyspeptic and 34 (41.5%) nondyspeptic patients. The patients with and without dyspepsia were almost identical with regard to their age (52.9 +/- 11.9 vs 53.4+/- 10.2 years, p > 0.05). In the dyspeptic group, significantly more patients had duodenitis and a deformed bulb (chi 2 = 4.05, p < 0.05 and chi 2 = 3.99, p < 0.05, respectively). Patients with bleeding duodenal ulcers and dyspepsia were more likely to have taken non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (45.8 vs 8.8%; chi 2 = 11.18, p < 0.001), whereas significantly more patients in the nondyspeptic group have taken histamine H2 antagonists (85.3 vs 8.3%; chi 2 = 45.87, p < 0.01). No significant difference was found between the dyspeptic and nondyspeptic groups with regard to the previous diagnosis of peptic ulcer bleeding, the presence of environmental stress, gastritis, and alcohol or tobacco consumption. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in regard to the rebleeding, the need for urgent operation or hospital stay. The results of this study support the evidence that in patients with bleeding duodenal ulcers the dyspeptic symptoms were more often associated with objective signs of duodenal pathology, and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and maintenance treatment with histamine H2 antagonists was associated with silent duodenal ulcer bleeding.