Role of thromboxane A2 in bradykinin-induced human isolated small bronchi contraction.Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 May 04; 278(1):49-54.EJ
We previously demonstrated that the bradykinin-induced contraction of human isolated small bronchi is inhibited by indomethacin, capsaicin (N-methyl-N-6-nonenamide) and ruthenium red but not by tachykinin receptor antagonists. The thromboxane A2 receptor (TP receptor) antagonist GR32191 ((1R-(1 alpha(Z),2 beta,3 beta,5 alpha))-(+)-7-(5-(((1,1'-biphenyl)-4-yl)- methoxy)-3-hydroxy-2-(1-piperidinyl)cyclopentyl)-4-heptenoic acid, hydrochloride) (10(-10) to 10(-8) M) dose dependently inhibited the effect of bradykinin, suggesting the mediation of the TP receptor in the action of bradykinin. With higher concentrations of GR32191 (10(-7) and 10(-6) M) bradykinin induced a relaxation which was inhibited by indomethacin and by the bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist Hoe 140 (D-Arg0[Hyp3,Thi-5,D-Tic7,Oic8]bradykinin). The thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitor dazoxiben (4-(-2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethoxy) benzoic acid hydrochloride) 10(-6) M inhibited the bradykinin-induced contraction, suggesting that thromboxane A2 was involved in TP receptor stimulation. The thromboxane A2 mimetic U-46619 (9,11-dideoxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-epoxy-methano-prostaglandin F2 alpha)-induced contraction of human distal bronchi was not inhibited by capsaicin and ruthenium red. Our data suggest that bradykinin contracts human isolated small bronchi through thromboxane A2 release. The inhibitory effect of ruthenium red and capsaicin on the bradykinin response may be due to inhibition of thromboxane A2 release or arachidonic mobilisation.