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Prevalence and risk factors of varicose veins in lower extremities: mini-Finland health survey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To study the prevalence and risk factors of clinically important varicose veins in the lower extremities.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study with self-administered questionnaire.

SETTING

A national health examination survey, Finland.

SUBJECTS

8000 people from 40 geographical areas representing the adult population aged 30 years and over.

RESULTS

The prevalence of varicose veins diagnosed by a physician was 25% in women and 7% in men. Twenty-nine per cent of the men and 53% of the women with diagnosed varicose veins had been treated surgically. Age, height, body mass index (weight/height2), standing at work, and the number of births were expected risk factors associated with varicosities. Unexpectedly, signs of osteoarthrosis were positively, and diabetes negatively, associated with varicose veins. Urban dwelling and high income correlated positively with varicose veins treated surgically in women.

CONCLUSIONS

Varicose veins in the lower extremities are common, and demand considerable health service resources. The aetiology of varicose veins is still incompletely understood and more research is needed to develop possible preventive measures.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Research and Development Unit, Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland.

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Source

MeSH

Adult
Aged
Anthropology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Complications
Female
Finland
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Osteoarthritis
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Self-Assessment
Socioeconomic Factors
Varicose Veins

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7548376

Citation

Sisto, T, et al. "Prevalence and Risk Factors of Varicose Veins in Lower Extremities: mini-Finland Health Survey." The European Journal of Surgery = Acta Chirurgica, vol. 161, no. 6, 1995, pp. 405-14.
Sisto T, Reunanen A, Laurikka J, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of varicose veins in lower extremities: mini-Finland health survey. Eur J Surg. 1995;161(6):405-14.
Sisto, T., Reunanen, A., Laurikka, J., Impivaara, O., Heliövaara, M., Knekt, P., & Aromaa, A. (1995). Prevalence and risk factors of varicose veins in lower extremities: mini-Finland health survey. The European Journal of Surgery = Acta Chirurgica, 161(6), pp. 405-14.
Sisto T, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Varicose Veins in Lower Extremities: mini-Finland Health Survey. Eur J Surg. 1995;161(6):405-14. PubMed PMID: 7548376.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and risk factors of varicose veins in lower extremities: mini-Finland health survey. AU - Sisto,T, AU - Reunanen,A, AU - Laurikka,J, AU - Impivaara,O, AU - Heliövaara,M, AU - Knekt,P, AU - Aromaa,A, PY - 1995/6/1/pubmed PY - 1995/6/1/medline PY - 1995/6/1/entrez SP - 405 EP - 14 JF - The European journal of surgery = Acta chirurgica JO - Eur J Surg VL - 161 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and risk factors of clinically important varicose veins in the lower extremities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with self-administered questionnaire. SETTING: A national health examination survey, Finland. SUBJECTS: 8000 people from 40 geographical areas representing the adult population aged 30 years and over. RESULTS: The prevalence of varicose veins diagnosed by a physician was 25% in women and 7% in men. Twenty-nine per cent of the men and 53% of the women with diagnosed varicose veins had been treated surgically. Age, height, body mass index (weight/height2), standing at work, and the number of births were expected risk factors associated with varicosities. Unexpectedly, signs of osteoarthrosis were positively, and diabetes negatively, associated with varicose veins. Urban dwelling and high income correlated positively with varicose veins treated surgically in women. CONCLUSIONS: Varicose veins in the lower extremities are common, and demand considerable health service resources. The aetiology of varicose veins is still incompletely understood and more research is needed to develop possible preventive measures. SN - 1102-4151 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7548376/Prevalence_and_risk_factors_of_varicose_veins_in_lower_extremities:_mini_Finland_health_survey_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/varicoseveins.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -