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Contribution of the ventral subiculum to inhibitory regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis.
J Neuroendocrinol 1995; 7(6):475-82JN

Abstract

Anatomical studies indicate that the ventral subiculum is in a prime position to mediate hippocampal inhibition of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. The present study evaluated this hypothesis by assessing HPA function following ibotenic acid lesion of the ventral subiculum region. Rats with lesions of the ventral subiculum (vSUB) or ventral hippocampus (vHIPPO) did not show changes in basal corticosterone (CORT) secretion at either circadian peak or nadir time points when compared to sham-lesion rats (SHAM) or unoperated controls. However, rats with vSUB lesions exhibited a prolonged glucocorticoid stress response relative to all other groups. Baseline CRH mRNA levels were significantly increased in the medial parvocellular paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the vSUB group relative to controls. CRH mRNA differences were particularly pronounced at caudal levels of the nucleus, suggesting topographic organization of vSUB interactions with PVN neurons. Notably, the vHIPPO group, which received large lesions of ventral CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus without significant subicular damage, showed no change in stress-induced CORT secretion, suggesting that the ventral subiculum proper is principally responsible for ventral hippocampal actions on the HPA stress response. No differences in medial parvocellular PVN AVP mRNA expression were seen in either the vSUB or vHIPPO groups. The results indicate a specific inhibitory action of the ventral subiculum on HPA activation. The increase in CRH biosynthesis and stress-induced CORT secretion in the absence of changes in baseline CORT secretion or AVP mRNA expression suggests that the inhibitory actions of ventral subicular neurons affect the response capacity of the HPA axis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Kentucky School of Medicine, Lexington 40536-0084, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7550295

Citation

Herman, J P., et al. "Contribution of the Ventral Subiculum to Inhibitory Regulation of the Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical Axis." Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol. 7, no. 6, 1995, pp. 475-82.
Herman JP, Cullinan WE, Morano MI, et al. Contribution of the ventral subiculum to inhibitory regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. J Neuroendocrinol. 1995;7(6):475-82.
Herman, J. P., Cullinan, W. E., Morano, M. I., Akil, H., & Watson, S. J. (1995). Contribution of the ventral subiculum to inhibitory regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 7(6), pp. 475-82.
Herman JP, et al. Contribution of the Ventral Subiculum to Inhibitory Regulation of the Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical Axis. J Neuroendocrinol. 1995;7(6):475-82. PubMed PMID: 7550295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Contribution of the ventral subiculum to inhibitory regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. AU - Herman,J P, AU - Cullinan,W E, AU - Morano,M I, AU - Akil,H, AU - Watson,S J, PY - 1995/6/1/pubmed PY - 1995/6/1/medline PY - 1995/6/1/entrez SP - 475 EP - 82 JF - Journal of neuroendocrinology JO - J. Neuroendocrinol. VL - 7 IS - 6 N2 - Anatomical studies indicate that the ventral subiculum is in a prime position to mediate hippocampal inhibition of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. The present study evaluated this hypothesis by assessing HPA function following ibotenic acid lesion of the ventral subiculum region. Rats with lesions of the ventral subiculum (vSUB) or ventral hippocampus (vHIPPO) did not show changes in basal corticosterone (CORT) secretion at either circadian peak or nadir time points when compared to sham-lesion rats (SHAM) or unoperated controls. However, rats with vSUB lesions exhibited a prolonged glucocorticoid stress response relative to all other groups. Baseline CRH mRNA levels were significantly increased in the medial parvocellular paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the vSUB group relative to controls. CRH mRNA differences were particularly pronounced at caudal levels of the nucleus, suggesting topographic organization of vSUB interactions with PVN neurons. Notably, the vHIPPO group, which received large lesions of ventral CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus without significant subicular damage, showed no change in stress-induced CORT secretion, suggesting that the ventral subiculum proper is principally responsible for ventral hippocampal actions on the HPA stress response. No differences in medial parvocellular PVN AVP mRNA expression were seen in either the vSUB or vHIPPO groups. The results indicate a specific inhibitory action of the ventral subiculum on HPA activation. The increase in CRH biosynthesis and stress-induced CORT secretion in the absence of changes in baseline CORT secretion or AVP mRNA expression suggests that the inhibitory actions of ventral subicular neurons affect the response capacity of the HPA axis. SN - 0953-8194 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7550295/Contribution_of_the_ventral_subiculum_to_inhibitory_regulation_of_the_hypothalamo_pituitary_adrenocortical_axis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2826.1995.tb00784.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -