Human T-lymphotropic virus type-I, and hepatitis A, B and C viruses in Nepal: a serological survey.J Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Oct; 98(5):347-50.JT
In 1987, 676 blood samples were collected from inhabitants of the Bhadrakali and Kotyang villages in Nepal. The samples were tested for the prevalence of antibody to hepatitis A virus (anti-HAV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc), second-generation antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) and antibody to human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (anti-HTLV-I). Anti-HAV was present in 99.3% of the people surveyed. The prevalence of anti-HAV reached 100% in the < 25 age group and was as high or only slightly lower in all other age groups. The prevalence of HBsAg was 0.3% and of anti-HBc 7.7%. Anti-HCV was found in 0.1% of the residents. No significant difference by gender or village was noted in the prevalence of anti-HAV, HBsAg, anti-HBc, or anti-HCV. No anti-HTLV-I-positive persons were identified. These data suggest that the prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections in Nepal is low in contrast to hepatitis A virus infection, and that human T-lymphotropic type-I infection may be absent in this population.