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ET-18-OCH3 inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B activation by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate but not by tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interleukin 1 alpha.
Cancer Res. 1995 Nov 01; 55(21):4844-9.CR

Abstract

1-O-Octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3) is a synthetic diether phospholipid that is competitive with phosphatidylserine binding to the regulatory domain of protein kinase C (PKC). Our previous studies indicate that the selective inhibition of tumor cell growth by ET-18-OCH3 may be due to altered signal transduction mechanisms, including the inhibition of PKC. To further define the mechanism of action of ET-18-OCH3, we have used it to study the role of PKC in regulation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B, which is activated by diverse stimuli. In the 293.27.2 human kidney cell line, as in hematopoietic cells of all lineages, NF-kappa B is stimulated by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha). The response to either TNF-alpha or IL-1 alpha is synergistically enhanced by TPA. However, the regulatory mechanisms and signal transduction systems responsible for NF-kappa B activation in response to these different stimuli have not been determined in detail. We have used ET-18-OCH3 and auranofin, which inhibit PKC by different mechanisms, to assess the role of PKC in NF-kappa B activation. ET-18-OCH3 markedly inhibits TPA-induced NF-kappa B activation, as measured by HIV long terminal repeat-directed expression of beta-galactosidase. The IC50 for inhibition by ET-18-OCH3 is approximately 2 microM, a noncytotoxic concentration. Inhibition of TPA-induced NF-kappa B activation was dependent upon preincubation with ET-18-OCH3, and the drug was active at approximately 2 mol% of total cellular phospholipid. ET-18-OCH3 did not inhibit NF-kappa B activation by either TNF-alpha or IL-1 alpha, indicating that there are multiple distinct signal transduction pathways leading to activation of NF-kappa B. We have confirmed these results using auranofin, an antirheumatic drug that is a specific PKC inhibitor interacting with the catalytic domain. Like ET-18-OCH3, auranofin blocked NF-kappa B activation by TPA but not by TNF-alpha or IL-1 alpha. Also like the ether lipid, auranofin only partially blocked the synergy exhibited by TPA and TNF-alpha. To confirm the role of NF-kappa B in this response, we measured NF-kappa B by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Both ET-18-OCH3 and auranofin inhibited cellular induction of the active NF-kappa B complex in response to TPA but not in response to TNF-alpha.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157-1016, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7585518

Citation

Daniel, L W., et al. "ET-18-OCH3 Inhibits Nuclear Factor-kappa B Activation By 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate but Not By Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha or Interleukin 1 Alpha." Cancer Research, vol. 55, no. 21, 1995, pp. 4844-9.
Daniel LW, Civoli F, Rogers MA, et al. ET-18-OCH3 inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B activation by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate but not by tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interleukin 1 alpha. Cancer Res. 1995;55(21):4844-9.
Daniel, L. W., Civoli, F., Rogers, M. A., Smitherman, P. K., Raju, P. A., & Roederer, M. (1995). ET-18-OCH3 inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B activation by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate but not by tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interleukin 1 alpha. Cancer Research, 55(21), 4844-9.
Daniel LW, et al. ET-18-OCH3 Inhibits Nuclear Factor-kappa B Activation By 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate but Not By Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha or Interleukin 1 Alpha. Cancer Res. 1995 Nov 1;55(21):4844-9. PubMed PMID: 7585518.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - ET-18-OCH3 inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B activation by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate but not by tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interleukin 1 alpha. AU - Daniel,L W, AU - Civoli,F, AU - Rogers,M A, AU - Smitherman,P K, AU - Raju,P A, AU - Roederer,M, PY - 1995/11/1/pubmed PY - 1995/11/1/medline PY - 1995/11/1/entrez SP - 4844 EP - 9 JF - Cancer research JO - Cancer Res VL - 55 IS - 21 N2 - 1-O-Octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3) is a synthetic diether phospholipid that is competitive with phosphatidylserine binding to the regulatory domain of protein kinase C (PKC). Our previous studies indicate that the selective inhibition of tumor cell growth by ET-18-OCH3 may be due to altered signal transduction mechanisms, including the inhibition of PKC. To further define the mechanism of action of ET-18-OCH3, we have used it to study the role of PKC in regulation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B, which is activated by diverse stimuli. In the 293.27.2 human kidney cell line, as in hematopoietic cells of all lineages, NF-kappa B is stimulated by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha). The response to either TNF-alpha or IL-1 alpha is synergistically enhanced by TPA. However, the regulatory mechanisms and signal transduction systems responsible for NF-kappa B activation in response to these different stimuli have not been determined in detail. We have used ET-18-OCH3 and auranofin, which inhibit PKC by different mechanisms, to assess the role of PKC in NF-kappa B activation. ET-18-OCH3 markedly inhibits TPA-induced NF-kappa B activation, as measured by HIV long terminal repeat-directed expression of beta-galactosidase. The IC50 for inhibition by ET-18-OCH3 is approximately 2 microM, a noncytotoxic concentration. Inhibition of TPA-induced NF-kappa B activation was dependent upon preincubation with ET-18-OCH3, and the drug was active at approximately 2 mol% of total cellular phospholipid. ET-18-OCH3 did not inhibit NF-kappa B activation by either TNF-alpha or IL-1 alpha, indicating that there are multiple distinct signal transduction pathways leading to activation of NF-kappa B. We have confirmed these results using auranofin, an antirheumatic drug that is a specific PKC inhibitor interacting with the catalytic domain. Like ET-18-OCH3, auranofin blocked NF-kappa B activation by TPA but not by TNF-alpha or IL-1 alpha. Also like the ether lipid, auranofin only partially blocked the synergy exhibited by TPA and TNF-alpha. To confirm the role of NF-kappa B in this response, we measured NF-kappa B by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Both ET-18-OCH3 and auranofin inhibited cellular induction of the active NF-kappa B complex in response to TPA but not in response to TNF-alpha.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0008-5472 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7585518/ET_18_OCH3_inhibits_nuclear_factor_kappa_B_activation_by_12_O_tetradecanoylphorbol_13_acetate_but_not_by_tumor_necrosis_factor_alpha_or_interleukin_1_alpha_ L2 - http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=7585518 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -