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Risk factors of coronary heart disease and total mortality among elderly men with and without preexisting coronary heart disease. Finnish cohorts of the Seven Countries Study.
J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Dec; 26(7):1623-9.JACC

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We attempted to determine whether elevated levels of the classic coronary heart disease risk factors are associated with increased coronary risk and all-cause mortality among elderly men with and without coronary heart disease at baseline.

BACKGROUND

The strength of any association between the classic coronary risk factors and survival among elderly men with and without coronary heart disease has not been established.

METHODS

The classic coronary risk factor levels and risk of coronary events and total mortality during a 5-year follow-up interval were studied among men aged 65 to 84 years. Coronary events were fatal myocardial infarction (n = 71), any myocardial infarction (n = 96) and, among the men without disease, other nonfatal coronary heart disease events (n = 80).

RESULTS

Among the 171 men with prevalent coronary heart disease, significant (p < 0.05) risk factors for fatal myocardial infarction (n = 42) in multivariate analyses were low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (odds ratio [OR] 0.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.1 to 0.8 for 1-mmol/liter increase), high ratio of total to high density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.7 for 1-U increase), and smoking more than nine cigarettes daily (OR 6.0, 95% CI 1.5 to 24.9 vs. values in men who had never smoked). Among the 476 men without prevalent coronary heart disease, only high serum total cholesterol was a risk factor for fatal myocardial infarction (n = 29) (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.0 to 2.0 for 1-mmol/liter increase). Among men with prevalent coronary heart disease, the only significant (p < 0.05) risk factor for total mortality was smoking more than nine cigarettes daily (OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 13.4 vs. values among men who had never smoked). Among men without prevalent coronary heart disease, only the use of antihypertensive medication (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.3 between men with and without such medication) was a risk factor for total mortality.

CONCLUSIONS

The classic risk factors for coronary heart disease appear to be of importance even in old age, especially among men with prevalent coronary heart disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Health and General Practice, University of Kuopio, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7594095

Citation

Tervahauta, M, et al. "Risk Factors of Coronary Heart Disease and Total Mortality Among Elderly Men With and Without Preexisting Coronary Heart Disease. Finnish Cohorts of the Seven Countries Study." Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 26, no. 7, 1995, pp. 1623-9.
Tervahauta M, Pekkanen J, Nissinen A. Risk factors of coronary heart disease and total mortality among elderly men with and without preexisting coronary heart disease. Finnish cohorts of the Seven Countries Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995;26(7):1623-9.
Tervahauta, M., Pekkanen, J., & Nissinen, A. (1995). Risk factors of coronary heart disease and total mortality among elderly men with and without preexisting coronary heart disease. Finnish cohorts of the Seven Countries Study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 26(7), 1623-9.
Tervahauta M, Pekkanen J, Nissinen A. Risk Factors of Coronary Heart Disease and Total Mortality Among Elderly Men With and Without Preexisting Coronary Heart Disease. Finnish Cohorts of the Seven Countries Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995;26(7):1623-9. PubMed PMID: 7594095.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors of coronary heart disease and total mortality among elderly men with and without preexisting coronary heart disease. Finnish cohorts of the Seven Countries Study. AU - Tervahauta,M, AU - Pekkanen,J, AU - Nissinen,A, PY - 1995/12/1/pubmed PY - 1995/12/1/medline PY - 1995/12/1/entrez SP - 1623 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the American College of Cardiology JO - J Am Coll Cardiol VL - 26 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We attempted to determine whether elevated levels of the classic coronary heart disease risk factors are associated with increased coronary risk and all-cause mortality among elderly men with and without coronary heart disease at baseline. BACKGROUND: The strength of any association between the classic coronary risk factors and survival among elderly men with and without coronary heart disease has not been established. METHODS: The classic coronary risk factor levels and risk of coronary events and total mortality during a 5-year follow-up interval were studied among men aged 65 to 84 years. Coronary events were fatal myocardial infarction (n = 71), any myocardial infarction (n = 96) and, among the men without disease, other nonfatal coronary heart disease events (n = 80). RESULTS: Among the 171 men with prevalent coronary heart disease, significant (p < 0.05) risk factors for fatal myocardial infarction (n = 42) in multivariate analyses were low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (odds ratio [OR] 0.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.1 to 0.8 for 1-mmol/liter increase), high ratio of total to high density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.7 for 1-U increase), and smoking more than nine cigarettes daily (OR 6.0, 95% CI 1.5 to 24.9 vs. values in men who had never smoked). Among the 476 men without prevalent coronary heart disease, only high serum total cholesterol was a risk factor for fatal myocardial infarction (n = 29) (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.0 to 2.0 for 1-mmol/liter increase). Among men with prevalent coronary heart disease, the only significant (p < 0.05) risk factor for total mortality was smoking more than nine cigarettes daily (OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 13.4 vs. values among men who had never smoked). Among men without prevalent coronary heart disease, only the use of antihypertensive medication (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.3 between men with and without such medication) was a risk factor for total mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The classic risk factors for coronary heart disease appear to be of importance even in old age, especially among men with prevalent coronary heart disease. SN - 0735-1097 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7594095/Risk_factors_of_coronary_heart_disease_and_total_mortality_among_elderly_men_with_and_without_preexisting_coronary_heart_disease__Finnish_cohorts_of_the_Seven_Countries_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0735-1097(95)00395-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -