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Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets in Sudanese children.
Ann Trop Paediatr. 1995; 15(1):69-76.AT

Abstract

Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets was established in 41 Sudanese children aged from 3 months to 7 years by clinical, radiological and therapeutic response supported by biochemical investigations. There were 25 boys and 16 girls, of whom 42% were infants of less than 1 year. Forty-seven per cent of rachitic children were underweight. Six infants had early rickets with no bony swellings but had other clinical features and radiological evidence of rickets. One of them, aged 3 months, presented with hypocalcaemic convulsions. Three children had icthyosis. Serum alkaline phosphatase was raised in 75%, hypophosphataemia occurred in 68% and hypocalcaemia in 54% of patients. Anaemia, mostly hypochromic, was detected in 79%. Possible causes were poor socio-economic background, inadequate dietary intake in both mothers and children, prolonged breastfeeding, prematurity, limited sun exposure and type of residence. Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets should be looked for in Sudanese children, especially in preterms and in those living in flats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, University of Khartoum, Sudan.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7598440

Citation

el Hag, A I., and Z A. Karrar. "Nutritional Vitamin D Deficiency Rickets in Sudanese Children." Annals of Tropical Paediatrics, vol. 15, no. 1, 1995, pp. 69-76.
el Hag AI, Karrar ZA. Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets in Sudanese children. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1995;15(1):69-76.
el Hag, A. I., & Karrar, Z. A. (1995). Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets in Sudanese children. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics, 15(1), 69-76.
el Hag AI, Karrar ZA. Nutritional Vitamin D Deficiency Rickets in Sudanese Children. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1995;15(1):69-76. PubMed PMID: 7598440.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets in Sudanese children. AU - el Hag,A I, AU - Karrar,Z A, PY - 1995/1/1/pubmed PY - 1995/1/1/medline PY - 1995/1/1/entrez SP - 69 EP - 76 JF - Annals of tropical paediatrics JO - Ann Trop Paediatr VL - 15 IS - 1 N2 - Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets was established in 41 Sudanese children aged from 3 months to 7 years by clinical, radiological and therapeutic response supported by biochemical investigations. There were 25 boys and 16 girls, of whom 42% were infants of less than 1 year. Forty-seven per cent of rachitic children were underweight. Six infants had early rickets with no bony swellings but had other clinical features and radiological evidence of rickets. One of them, aged 3 months, presented with hypocalcaemic convulsions. Three children had icthyosis. Serum alkaline phosphatase was raised in 75%, hypophosphataemia occurred in 68% and hypocalcaemia in 54% of patients. Anaemia, mostly hypochromic, was detected in 79%. Possible causes were poor socio-economic background, inadequate dietary intake in both mothers and children, prolonged breastfeeding, prematurity, limited sun exposure and type of residence. Nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets should be looked for in Sudanese children, especially in preterms and in those living in flats. SN - 0272-4936 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7598440/Nutritional_vitamin_D_deficiency_rickets_in_Sudanese_children_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/6326 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -