Role of protein kinase C isozymes in Fc gamma receptor-mediated intracellular killing of Staphylococcus aureus by human monocytes.J Immunol. 1995 Jul 15; 155(2):776-84.JI
Intracellular killing of Staphylococcus aureus by human monocytes after cross-linking Fc gamma R is known to be a phospholipase C (PLC)-dependent process. Activation of PLC leads to the formation of second messengers that synergistically activate protein kinase C (PKC). The aim of this study was to obtain more insight into the role of PKC in Fc gamma R-mediated killing process. PKC inhibitors H-7 and staurosporine markedly suppressed the killing of S. aureus by monocytes stimulated by cross-linking Fc gamma RI or -II. Cross-linking Fc gamma R caused a transient increase in PKC activity in the membranes of monocytes, as measured by Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent phosphorylation of histone. Western blot analysis revealed that cross-linking Fc gamma R stimulated a transient increase in PKC-beta in the membranes of monocytes with kinetics that correlated closely with the translocation of PKC activity. Cross-linking Fc gamma R on monocytes also stimulated the translocation of PKC-epsilon but not PKC-alpha. PMA and 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol (OAG), which caused translocation of PKC-alpha, -beta, and -epsilon, did not stimulate the killing process. Incubation with these PKC activators for 10 min rendered monocytes unresponsive to stimulation of killing of S. aureus via Fc gamma R. It could be that activation of certain PKC isozymes, probably PKC-alpha and -epsilon, by these activators causes feedback inhibition of PLC and, consequently, the killing in monocytes, because PMA blocks the Fc gamma R-mediated intracellular inositol(1,4,5)P3 formation and PKC translocation. Together, our results indicate that PKC isozymes play an important role in both stimulation and inhibition of the Fc gamma R-mediated intracellular killing of bacteria by monocytes.