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Cigarette smoking and periodontal destruction in young adults.
J Periodontol. 1994 Jul; 65(7):718-23.JP

Abstract

The relationship between cigarette smoking and periodontal destruction was assessed in young adults. Eighty-two regular dental attenders (21 current cigarette smokers, 61 non-smokers) aged between 20 and 33 years were examined. The smokers consumed on average 15.4 (+/- 7.3) cigarettes per day and had smoked for an average of 11.8 (+/- 7) years. Cigarette smokers had almost the same levels of plaque as non-smokers but had more proximal surfaces with subgingival calculus (P < 0.01) and which bled on probing (P < 0.05). Smokers had significantly more pockets > or = 4 mm (14.6 +/- 19.9) than non-smokers (5.8 +/- 7.9), P < 0.01. Only 2 (10%) of the smokers and 1 (2%) of the non-smokers had deep pocketing (> or = 6 mm). Smokers had significantly more sites (21.8 +/- 24.9) with periodontal attachment loss of > or = 2 mm than non-smokers (9.3 +/- 12.2), P < 0.01. Severe loss of periodontal attachment (> or = 6 mm) was present in 4 (19%) of smokers compared with 2 (3%) of non smokers. In total 4 (19%) of the smokers had "established periodontitis" compared with 1 (2%) of the non-smokers. The odds ratio for the presence of "established periodontitis" and smoking was 14.1 (confidence interval 1.5 to 132.9). It is concluded that cigarette smoking was a major environmental factor associated with accelerated periodontal destruction in this selected group of young adult regular dental attenders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Restorative Dentistry, School of Clinical Dentistry, Queens University, Belfast, Northern Ireland.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7608851

Citation

Linden, G J., and B H. Mullally. "Cigarette Smoking and Periodontal Destruction in Young Adults." Journal of Periodontology, vol. 65, no. 7, 1994, pp. 718-23.
Linden GJ, Mullally BH. Cigarette smoking and periodontal destruction in young adults. J Periodontol. 1994;65(7):718-23.
Linden, G. J., & Mullally, B. H. (1994). Cigarette smoking and periodontal destruction in young adults. Journal of Periodontology, 65(7), 718-23.
Linden GJ, Mullally BH. Cigarette Smoking and Periodontal Destruction in Young Adults. J Periodontol. 1994;65(7):718-23. PubMed PMID: 7608851.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette smoking and periodontal destruction in young adults. AU - Linden,G J, AU - Mullally,B H, PY - 1994/7/1/pubmed PY - 1994/7/1/medline PY - 1994/7/1/entrez SP - 718 EP - 23 JF - Journal of periodontology JO - J Periodontol VL - 65 IS - 7 N2 - The relationship between cigarette smoking and periodontal destruction was assessed in young adults. Eighty-two regular dental attenders (21 current cigarette smokers, 61 non-smokers) aged between 20 and 33 years were examined. The smokers consumed on average 15.4 (+/- 7.3) cigarettes per day and had smoked for an average of 11.8 (+/- 7) years. Cigarette smokers had almost the same levels of plaque as non-smokers but had more proximal surfaces with subgingival calculus (P < 0.01) and which bled on probing (P < 0.05). Smokers had significantly more pockets > or = 4 mm (14.6 +/- 19.9) than non-smokers (5.8 +/- 7.9), P < 0.01. Only 2 (10%) of the smokers and 1 (2%) of the non-smokers had deep pocketing (> or = 6 mm). Smokers had significantly more sites (21.8 +/- 24.9) with periodontal attachment loss of > or = 2 mm than non-smokers (9.3 +/- 12.2), P < 0.01. Severe loss of periodontal attachment (> or = 6 mm) was present in 4 (19%) of smokers compared with 2 (3%) of non smokers. In total 4 (19%) of the smokers had "established periodontitis" compared with 1 (2%) of the non-smokers. The odds ratio for the presence of "established periodontitis" and smoking was 14.1 (confidence interval 1.5 to 132.9). It is concluded that cigarette smoking was a major environmental factor associated with accelerated periodontal destruction in this selected group of young adult regular dental attenders. SN - 0022-3492 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7608851/Cigarette_smoking_and_periodontal_destruction_in_young_adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.1994.65.7.718 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -