Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Refeeding, metabolic rate, and weight gain in anorexia nervosa: a review.

Abstract

Patients with anorexia nervosa require refeeding to restore normal body weight. A variety of studies have examined the role of metabolic rate in the refeeding of anorectic patients. Several measurement techniques have been used to divide metabolic rate into its components: basal metabolic rate, resting energy expenditure, activity-induced thermogenesis, and dietary-induced thermogenesis. In anorexia nervosa patients several consistent findings are present. First, the number of kilocalories required for weight gain or weight maintenance increases as weight increases. Second, over 50% of the body mass gained in anorectic individuals represents fat tissue. Finally, both a history of bulimic symptoms and a higher premorbid body weight may lead to lower calorie requirements. These findings suggest the need for gradual increase in calories provided throughout treatment; resting energy expenditures may aid the determination of caloric requirements

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adipose Tissue
    Anorexia Nervosa
    Body Mass Index
    Body Temperature Regulation
    Eating
    Energy Intake
    Energy Metabolism
    Female
    Humans
    Weight Gain

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    7620473

    Citation

    Salisbury, J J., et al. "Refeeding, Metabolic Rate, and Weight Gain in Anorexia Nervosa: a Review." The International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 17, no. 4, 1995, pp. 337-45.
    Salisbury JJ, Levine AS, Crow SJ, et al. Refeeding, metabolic rate, and weight gain in anorexia nervosa: a review. Int J Eat Disord. 1995;17(4):337-45.
    Salisbury, J. J., Levine, A. S., Crow, S. J., & Mitchell, J. E. (1995). Refeeding, metabolic rate, and weight gain in anorexia nervosa: a review. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 17(4), pp. 337-45.
    Salisbury JJ, et al. Refeeding, Metabolic Rate, and Weight Gain in Anorexia Nervosa: a Review. Int J Eat Disord. 1995;17(4):337-45. PubMed PMID: 7620473.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Refeeding, metabolic rate, and weight gain in anorexia nervosa: a review. AU - Salisbury,J J, AU - Levine,A S, AU - Crow,S J, AU - Mitchell,J E, PY - 1995/5/1/pubmed PY - 1995/5/1/medline PY - 1995/5/1/entrez SP - 337 EP - 45 JF - The International journal of eating disorders JO - Int J Eat Disord VL - 17 IS - 4 N2 - Patients with anorexia nervosa require refeeding to restore normal body weight. A variety of studies have examined the role of metabolic rate in the refeeding of anorectic patients. Several measurement techniques have been used to divide metabolic rate into its components: basal metabolic rate, resting energy expenditure, activity-induced thermogenesis, and dietary-induced thermogenesis. In anorexia nervosa patients several consistent findings are present. First, the number of kilocalories required for weight gain or weight maintenance increases as weight increases. Second, over 50% of the body mass gained in anorectic individuals represents fat tissue. Finally, both a history of bulimic symptoms and a higher premorbid body weight may lead to lower calorie requirements. These findings suggest the need for gradual increase in calories provided throughout treatment; resting energy expenditures may aid the determination of caloric requirements SN - 0276-3478 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7620473/Refeeding_metabolic_rate_and_weight_gain_in_anorexia_nervosa:_a_review_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0276-3478&date=1995&volume=17&issue=4&spage=337 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -