Evaluation of a preservation solution containing fructose-1,6-diphosphate and mannitol using the isolated perfused rat kidney. Comparison with Euro-Collins and University of Wisconsin solutions.Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1995; 10(4):519-26.ND
The renal preservation ability of a flushing solution (F-M) with fructose-1,6-diphosphate (1 g/dl) and mannitol (2 g/dl) during cold ischaemia was studied with the isolated perfused rat kidney model and compared with the Euro-Collins (EC) and University of Wisconsin (UW) solutions. Kidneys were stored in hypothermia for 4 and 18 h after initial flushing with the solution being tested, and then reperfused at 37 degrees C in an isolated perfusion circuit for 90 min with a Krebs-Henseleit solution containing 4.5% albumin. Forty-four kidneys were studied and divided in a control group and six study groups according to the cold ischaemia time and flushing solution used. Renal functional parameters of plasma flow rate (PFR), renal vascular resistance (RVR), urine flow rate (UFR) glomerular filtration rate (GFR), fractional (FRNa) and net (TNa) sodium reabsortion were assessed during reperfusion. Conventional histology and malondialdehyde tissue levels (MDA) were also evaluated. Our results show that PFR, RVR, and UFR were similar in all study groups. After 4 and 18 h of cold ischaemia, GFR, FRNa and TNa were better, and conventional histology worse in F-M than in EC flushed kidneys. After 4 and 18 h of cold ischaemia, GFR, FRNa and TNa, in fact, were not different between F-M and UW flushed kidneys. After 4 h of cold ischaemia, conventional histology was similar in F-M and UW flushed kidneys. Nevertheless, after 18 h of cold ischaemia, UW flushed kidneys showed worse histological parameters than F-M flushed kidneys. After 4 h of cold ischaemia, MDA was similar in kidneys flushed with three solutions. After 18 h of cold ischaemia MDA was higher in EC than in F-M or UW flushed kidneys. In summary, our newly developed cold storage solution shows promising results in renal preservation and its ability to preserve is at least as good as UW solution assessed in the isolated perfused rat kidney.