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Trends in HIV seroprevalence among persons attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in the United States, 1988-1992.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Aug 15; 9(5):514-22.JA

Abstract

Trends in seroprevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were examined among patients attending sentinel clinics for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) throughout the United States. Cross-sectional, unlinked (blinded) surveys of HIV seroprevalence were conducted annually within clinics in 40 metropolitan areas. From 1988 to 1992, 552,665 specimens were tested in 80 STD clinics. The overall HIV seroprevalence was 33% (range among metropolitan areas: 5-52%) among gay and bisexual men, 3% (range: 0.3-11%) among heterosexual men, 2% (range: 0.1-11%) among women, and 10% (range: 0.5-45%) among heterosexual injecting drug users (IDUs). Controlling for clinic, age, and race/ethnicity, HIV seroprevalence decreased among all gay and bisexual men, but especially among white gay and bisexual men from 32% in 1989 to 22% in 1992. Among heterosexual men and women, HIV seroprevalence decreased among whites and, to a lesser degree, Hispanics, but remained essentially stable among African-Americans over time. Among heterosexual IDUs, seroprevalence was also unchanged. These results reflect changes in the HIV epidemic, which is becoming increasingly characterized by infected heterosexuals and IDUs, especially within minority populations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7627627

Citation

Weinstock, H S., et al. "Trends in HIV Seroprevalence Among Persons Attending Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics in the United States, 1988-1992." Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology : Official Publication of the International Retrovirology Association, vol. 9, no. 5, 1995, pp. 514-22.
Weinstock HS, Sidhu J, Gwinn M, et al. Trends in HIV seroprevalence among persons attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in the United States, 1988-1992. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995;9(5):514-22.
Weinstock, H. S., Sidhu, J., Gwinn, M., Karon, J., & Petersen, L. R. (1995). Trends in HIV seroprevalence among persons attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in the United States, 1988-1992. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology : Official Publication of the International Retrovirology Association, 9(5), 514-22.
Weinstock HS, et al. Trends in HIV Seroprevalence Among Persons Attending Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics in the United States, 1988-1992. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Aug 15;9(5):514-22. PubMed PMID: 7627627.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in HIV seroprevalence among persons attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in the United States, 1988-1992. AU - Weinstock,H S, AU - Sidhu,J, AU - Gwinn,M, AU - Karon,J, AU - Petersen,L R, PY - 1995/8/15/pubmed PY - 1995/8/15/medline PY - 1995/8/15/entrez SP - 514 EP - 22 JF - Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association JO - J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol VL - 9 IS - 5 N2 - Trends in seroprevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were examined among patients attending sentinel clinics for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) throughout the United States. Cross-sectional, unlinked (blinded) surveys of HIV seroprevalence were conducted annually within clinics in 40 metropolitan areas. From 1988 to 1992, 552,665 specimens were tested in 80 STD clinics. The overall HIV seroprevalence was 33% (range among metropolitan areas: 5-52%) among gay and bisexual men, 3% (range: 0.3-11%) among heterosexual men, 2% (range: 0.1-11%) among women, and 10% (range: 0.5-45%) among heterosexual injecting drug users (IDUs). Controlling for clinic, age, and race/ethnicity, HIV seroprevalence decreased among all gay and bisexual men, but especially among white gay and bisexual men from 32% in 1989 to 22% in 1992. Among heterosexual men and women, HIV seroprevalence decreased among whites and, to a lesser degree, Hispanics, but remained essentially stable among African-Americans over time. Among heterosexual IDUs, seroprevalence was also unchanged. These results reflect changes in the HIV epidemic, which is becoming increasingly characterized by infected heterosexuals and IDUs, especially within minority populations. SN - 1077-9450 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7627627/Trends_in_HIV_seroprevalence_among_persons_attending_sexually_transmitted_disease_clinics_in_the_United_States_1988_1992_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=7627627.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -