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High prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease in 5280 Italian students screened by antigliadin antibodies.
Acta Paediatr 1995; 84(6):672-6AP

Abstract

Many cases of coeliac disease are currently undiagnosed. We carried out a pilot study on screening for coeliac disease in a school population. The screening protocol consisted of three parts: (1) IgG and IgA antigliadin antibody (AGA) assay; (2) antiendomysium antibody and total serum IgA determinations; (3) jejunal biopsy. A total of 5280 students aged 11-15 years (71.7% of the eligible population) underwent the first evaluation; 113 subjects performed the second tests and 35 of these needed the third investigation. Coeliac disease was diagnosed in 23 cases, most of which were atypical or silent forms. The prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease was 4.36 per 1000 screened subjects (95% CI 2.58-6.14) and 5.03 per 1000 (95% CI 3.41-6.65) in the general population. The ratio of known to undiagnosed cases was 1 to 6.4. This high prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease raises a number of problems that require further evaluation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University Department of Paediatrics, Ancona, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7670254

Citation

Catassi, C, et al. "High Prevalence of Undiagnosed Coeliac Disease in 5280 Italian Students Screened By Antigliadin Antibodies." Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), vol. 84, no. 6, 1995, pp. 672-6.
Catassi C, Rätsch IM, Fabiani E, et al. High prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease in 5280 Italian students screened by antigliadin antibodies. Acta Paediatr. 1995;84(6):672-6.
Catassi, C., Rätsch, I. M., Fabiani, E., Ricci, S., Bordicchia, F., Pierdomenico, R., & Giorgi, P. L. (1995). High prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease in 5280 Italian students screened by antigliadin antibodies. Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), 84(6), pp. 672-6.
Catassi C, et al. High Prevalence of Undiagnosed Coeliac Disease in 5280 Italian Students Screened By Antigliadin Antibodies. Acta Paediatr. 1995;84(6):672-6. PubMed PMID: 7670254.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - High prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease in 5280 Italian students screened by antigliadin antibodies. AU - Catassi,C, AU - Rätsch,I M, AU - Fabiani,E, AU - Ricci,S, AU - Bordicchia,F, AU - Pierdomenico,R, AU - Giorgi,P L, PY - 1995/6/1/pubmed PY - 1995/6/1/medline PY - 1995/6/1/entrez SP - 672 EP - 6 JF - Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) JO - Acta Paediatr. VL - 84 IS - 6 N2 - Many cases of coeliac disease are currently undiagnosed. We carried out a pilot study on screening for coeliac disease in a school population. The screening protocol consisted of three parts: (1) IgG and IgA antigliadin antibody (AGA) assay; (2) antiendomysium antibody and total serum IgA determinations; (3) jejunal biopsy. A total of 5280 students aged 11-15 years (71.7% of the eligible population) underwent the first evaluation; 113 subjects performed the second tests and 35 of these needed the third investigation. Coeliac disease was diagnosed in 23 cases, most of which were atypical or silent forms. The prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease was 4.36 per 1000 screened subjects (95% CI 2.58-6.14) and 5.03 per 1000 (95% CI 3.41-6.65) in the general population. The ratio of known to undiagnosed cases was 1 to 6.4. This high prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease raises a number of problems that require further evaluation. SN - 0803-5253 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7670254/High_prevalence_of_undiagnosed_coeliac_disease_in_5280_Italian_students_screened_by_antigliadin_antibodies_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0803-5253&date=1995&volume=84&issue=6&spage=672 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -