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5-HT loss in rat brain following 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), p-chloroamphetamine and fenfluramine administration and effects of chlormethiazole and dizocilpine.
Br J Pharmacol 1993; 108(3):583-9BJ

Abstract

1. The present study has investigated whether the neurotoxic effects of the relatively selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotoxins, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'Ecstasy'), p-chloroamphetamine (PCA) and fenfluramine on hippocampal and cortical 5-HT terminals in rat brain could be prevented by administration of either chlormethiazole or dizocilpine. 2. Administration of MDMA (20 mg kg-1, i.p.) resulted in an approximate 30% loss of cortical and hippocampal 5-HT and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) content 4 days later. Injection of chlormethiazole (50 mg kg-1) 5 min before and 55 min after the MDMA provided complete protection in both regions, while dizocilpine (1 mg kg-1, i.p.) protected only the hippocampus. 3. Administration of a single dose of chlormethiazole (100 mg kg-1) 20 min after the MDMA also provided complete protection to the hippocampus but not the cortex. This regime also attenuated the sustained hyperthermia (approx +2.5 degrees C) induced by the MDMA injection. 4. Injection of PCA (5 mg kg-1, i.p.) resulted in a 70% loss of 5-HT and 5-HIAA content in hippocampus and cortex 4 days later. Injection of chlormethiazole (100 mg kg-1, i.p.) or dizocilpine (1 mg kg-1, i.p.) 5 min before and 55 min after the PCA failed to protect against the neurotoxicity, nor was protection afforded by chlormethiazole when a lower dose of PCA (2.5 mg kg-1, i.p.) was given which produced only a 30% loss of 5-HT content. Chlormethiazole did prevent the hyperthermia induced by PCA (5 mg kg-1), while the lower dose of PCA (2.5 mg kg-1) did not produce a change in body temperature.5. Neither chlormethiazole nor dizocilpine prevented the neurotoxic loss of hippocampal or cortical 5-HT neurones measured 4 days following administration of fenfluramine (25 mg kg-1, i.p.).6. In general, chlormethiazole and dizocilpine were effective antagonists of the 5-HT-mediated behaviours of head weaving and forepaw treading which appeared following injection of all three neurotoxins.7. Both chlormethiazole and dizocilpine have previously been shown to prevent the neurotoxic effects ofa high dose of methamphetamine on cerebral 5-HT and dopamine pathways. These drugs also prevent MDMA-induced neurotoxicity of 5-HT pathways, but not that induced by injection of PCA or fenfluramine. This suggests that the mechanisms of neurotoxic damage to 5-HT pathways produced by substituted amphetamines cannot be identical. The monoamine loss does not appear to result from the hyperthermia produced by the neurotoxic compounds.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Astra Neuroscience Research Unit, London.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7682129

Citation

Colado, M I., et al. "5-HT Loss in Rat Brain Following 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), P-chloroamphetamine and Fenfluramine Administration and Effects of Chlormethiazole and Dizocilpine." British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 108, no. 3, 1993, pp. 583-9.
Colado MI, Murray TK, Green AR. 5-HT loss in rat brain following 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), p-chloroamphetamine and fenfluramine administration and effects of chlormethiazole and dizocilpine. Br J Pharmacol. 1993;108(3):583-9.
Colado, M. I., Murray, T. K., & Green, A. R. (1993). 5-HT loss in rat brain following 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), p-chloroamphetamine and fenfluramine administration and effects of chlormethiazole and dizocilpine. British Journal of Pharmacology, 108(3), pp. 583-9.
Colado MI, Murray TK, Green AR. 5-HT Loss in Rat Brain Following 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), P-chloroamphetamine and Fenfluramine Administration and Effects of Chlormethiazole and Dizocilpine. Br J Pharmacol. 1993;108(3):583-9. PubMed PMID: 7682129.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 5-HT loss in rat brain following 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), p-chloroamphetamine and fenfluramine administration and effects of chlormethiazole and dizocilpine. AU - Colado,M I, AU - Murray,T K, AU - Green,A R, PY - 1993/3/1/pubmed PY - 1993/3/1/medline PY - 1993/3/1/entrez SP - 583 EP - 9 JF - British journal of pharmacology JO - Br. J. Pharmacol. VL - 108 IS - 3 N2 - 1. The present study has investigated whether the neurotoxic effects of the relatively selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotoxins, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'Ecstasy'), p-chloroamphetamine (PCA) and fenfluramine on hippocampal and cortical 5-HT terminals in rat brain could be prevented by administration of either chlormethiazole or dizocilpine. 2. Administration of MDMA (20 mg kg-1, i.p.) resulted in an approximate 30% loss of cortical and hippocampal 5-HT and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) content 4 days later. Injection of chlormethiazole (50 mg kg-1) 5 min before and 55 min after the MDMA provided complete protection in both regions, while dizocilpine (1 mg kg-1, i.p.) protected only the hippocampus. 3. Administration of a single dose of chlormethiazole (100 mg kg-1) 20 min after the MDMA also provided complete protection to the hippocampus but not the cortex. This regime also attenuated the sustained hyperthermia (approx +2.5 degrees C) induced by the MDMA injection. 4. Injection of PCA (5 mg kg-1, i.p.) resulted in a 70% loss of 5-HT and 5-HIAA content in hippocampus and cortex 4 days later. Injection of chlormethiazole (100 mg kg-1, i.p.) or dizocilpine (1 mg kg-1, i.p.) 5 min before and 55 min after the PCA failed to protect against the neurotoxicity, nor was protection afforded by chlormethiazole when a lower dose of PCA (2.5 mg kg-1, i.p.) was given which produced only a 30% loss of 5-HT content. Chlormethiazole did prevent the hyperthermia induced by PCA (5 mg kg-1), while the lower dose of PCA (2.5 mg kg-1) did not produce a change in body temperature.5. Neither chlormethiazole nor dizocilpine prevented the neurotoxic loss of hippocampal or cortical 5-HT neurones measured 4 days following administration of fenfluramine (25 mg kg-1, i.p.).6. In general, chlormethiazole and dizocilpine were effective antagonists of the 5-HT-mediated behaviours of head weaving and forepaw treading which appeared following injection of all three neurotoxins.7. Both chlormethiazole and dizocilpine have previously been shown to prevent the neurotoxic effects ofa high dose of methamphetamine on cerebral 5-HT and dopamine pathways. These drugs also prevent MDMA-induced neurotoxicity of 5-HT pathways, but not that induced by injection of PCA or fenfluramine. This suggests that the mechanisms of neurotoxic damage to 5-HT pathways produced by substituted amphetamines cannot be identical. The monoamine loss does not appear to result from the hyperthermia produced by the neurotoxic compounds. SN - 0007-1188 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7682129/5_HT_loss_in_rat_brain_following_34_methylenedioxymethamphetamine__MDMA__p_chloroamphetamine_and_fenfluramine_administration_and_effects_of_chlormethiazole_and_dizocilpine_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0007-1188&date=1993&volume=108&issue=3&spage=583 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -