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Interleukin-11 stimulates the proliferation of human hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- cells and synergizes with stem cell factor, interleukin-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor.
Exp Hematol. 1993 Dec; 21(13):1668-72.EH

Abstract

We have studied the effects of recombinant human interleukin-11 (rhIL-11), alone and combined with stem cell factor (SCF or c-kit ligand), IL-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on the proliferation of highly enriched human hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- progenitor cells. CD34+ cells were purified using the avidin-biotin immunoabsorption technique and CD33+DR+ cells were subsequently removed by immuno-magnetic separation. The colony assays were performed in the presence and absence of exogenous serum. IL-11, as a single agent, induced the growth of a small number of colony-forming units-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) derived from purified CD34+ cells and failed to support the colony growth of CD34+CD33-DR- cells. The addition of erythropoietin (Epo) to IL-11 induced the growth of erythroid progenitors (BFU-E) derived from CD34+ cells but not from the same population depleted of CD33+DR+ cells. The combination of IL-11 with SCF, IL-3, or GM-CSF, in the presence of Epo, resulted in a synergistic or additive increase in the number of CFU cells (CFU-C) derived from both cell fractions. Moreover, the addition of SCF to IL-11 stimulated the development of macroscopic erythroid and multilineage colonies (CFU-GEMM) containing more than 10(4) cells. A combination of three factors (IL-11, SCF, and IL-3) resulted in the increase of the number of colonies arising from CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- cells (but not of their size) compared to the cultures treated with IL-11 plus SCF or IL-11 plus IL-3. The pattern of proliferative response of primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells to IL-11 in serum-free conditions was very similar to the cultures grown in serum-containing medium. It is noteworthy that IL-11 and SCF yielded colony formation that was comparable to that observed in the presence of serum. The effects of IL-11 on CD34+CD33-DR- cells were also studied in a short-term suspension culture system, which was shown to be specific for evaluating the proliferation of pluripotent hematopoietic precursors (Delta assay). In this system, IL-11 had a minimal effect on its own, whereas IL-11 plus SCF acted synergistically and their proliferative activity was improved by the addition of GM-CSF. These experiments indicate that IL-11 may be considered a "permissive" cytokine, capable of initiating the proliferation of very primitive human hematopoietic cells, which are then able to respond to late-acting CSFs.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto di Ematologia Seràgnoli, Università di Bologna, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7694867

Citation

Lemoli, R M., et al. "Interleukin-11 Stimulates the Proliferation of Human Hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- Cells and Synergizes With Stem Cell Factor, Interleukin-3, and Granulocyte-macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor." Experimental Hematology, vol. 21, no. 13, 1993, pp. 1668-72.
Lemoli RM, Fogli M, Fortuna A, et al. Interleukin-11 stimulates the proliferation of human hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- cells and synergizes with stem cell factor, interleukin-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Exp Hematol. 1993;21(13):1668-72.
Lemoli, R. M., Fogli, M., Fortuna, A., Motta, M. R., Rizzi, S., Benini, C., & Tura, S. (1993). Interleukin-11 stimulates the proliferation of human hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- cells and synergizes with stem cell factor, interleukin-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Experimental Hematology, 21(13), 1668-72.
Lemoli RM, et al. Interleukin-11 Stimulates the Proliferation of Human Hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- Cells and Synergizes With Stem Cell Factor, Interleukin-3, and Granulocyte-macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor. Exp Hematol. 1993;21(13):1668-72. PubMed PMID: 7694867.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interleukin-11 stimulates the proliferation of human hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- cells and synergizes with stem cell factor, interleukin-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. AU - Lemoli,R M, AU - Fogli,M, AU - Fortuna,A, AU - Motta,M R, AU - Rizzi,S, AU - Benini,C, AU - Tura,S, PY - 1993/12/1/pubmed PY - 1993/12/1/medline PY - 1993/12/1/entrez SP - 1668 EP - 72 JF - Experimental hematology JO - Exp Hematol VL - 21 IS - 13 N2 - We have studied the effects of recombinant human interleukin-11 (rhIL-11), alone and combined with stem cell factor (SCF or c-kit ligand), IL-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on the proliferation of highly enriched human hematopoietic CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- progenitor cells. CD34+ cells were purified using the avidin-biotin immunoabsorption technique and CD33+DR+ cells were subsequently removed by immuno-magnetic separation. The colony assays were performed in the presence and absence of exogenous serum. IL-11, as a single agent, induced the growth of a small number of colony-forming units-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) derived from purified CD34+ cells and failed to support the colony growth of CD34+CD33-DR- cells. The addition of erythropoietin (Epo) to IL-11 induced the growth of erythroid progenitors (BFU-E) derived from CD34+ cells but not from the same population depleted of CD33+DR+ cells. The combination of IL-11 with SCF, IL-3, or GM-CSF, in the presence of Epo, resulted in a synergistic or additive increase in the number of CFU cells (CFU-C) derived from both cell fractions. Moreover, the addition of SCF to IL-11 stimulated the development of macroscopic erythroid and multilineage colonies (CFU-GEMM) containing more than 10(4) cells. A combination of three factors (IL-11, SCF, and IL-3) resulted in the increase of the number of colonies arising from CD34+ and CD34+CD33-DR- cells (but not of their size) compared to the cultures treated with IL-11 plus SCF or IL-11 plus IL-3. The pattern of proliferative response of primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells to IL-11 in serum-free conditions was very similar to the cultures grown in serum-containing medium. It is noteworthy that IL-11 and SCF yielded colony formation that was comparable to that observed in the presence of serum. The effects of IL-11 on CD34+CD33-DR- cells were also studied in a short-term suspension culture system, which was shown to be specific for evaluating the proliferation of pluripotent hematopoietic precursors (Delta assay). In this system, IL-11 had a minimal effect on its own, whereas IL-11 plus SCF acted synergistically and their proliferative activity was improved by the addition of GM-CSF. These experiments indicate that IL-11 may be considered a "permissive" cytokine, capable of initiating the proliferation of very primitive human hematopoietic cells, which are then able to respond to late-acting CSFs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0301-472X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7694867/Interleukin_11_stimulates_the_proliferation_of_human_hematopoietic_CD34+_and_CD34+CD33_DR__cells_and_synergizes_with_stem_cell_factor_interleukin_3_and_granulocyte_macrophage_colony_stimulating_factor_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/stemcells.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -