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Food habits of French Canadians in Montreal, Quebec.
J Am Coll Nutr. 1995 Feb; 14(1):37-45.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Since the 1960's, marked sociocultural and economic changes have affected lifestyle, religious practices, and family structure among French Canadians in Quebec. Recent nutritional assessment was unavailable, despite indications of change.

METHODS

A survey was carried out in 1988 in a representative sample living in Greater Montreal, to obtain current data on food habits, nutrient intakes and sociodemographic factors, using interviewer-administered questionnaires and seven-day food records.

RESULTS

Some 845 families (1450 individuals from different age groups) were studied in two phases: summer/fall and winter/spring. Mean household size in the study population was 2.7. Among adults, extremes of educational level were observed, with 33% having elementary school only and 28% having completed university. On average, each household spent $CAN 89.90 a week for food, $26.00 for tobacco, and $13.50 for alcohol. Breakfast was eaten regularly by 90% of subjects while 96% ate lunch and 99% ate dinner. Morning snacks were consumed by 36% and afternoon snacks were taken by 50%. Milk was consumed with breakfast by 24% of respondents, with lunch by 19%, and with dinner by 24%. On weekdays, 81% of subjects ate their main meals at home, while on weekends this figure was 95%. Time spent for meals varied by meal, and was slightly longer on weekends. Specialty diets, including vegetarianism, were followed by 7% of the study subjects, while 22% adhered to health-related diets.

CONCLUSIONS

The food record analyses revealed adequate nutrient intakes overall in relation to the 1990 Canadian Recommended Nutrient Intakes, although further investigation is needed before addressing dietary quality in specific age-sex groups. Protein comprised 16% of energy, fat 38%, and carbohydrates composed 45% or 46% for males and females, respectively. Subsequent analyses will evaluate nutrient intakes in relation to health and sociodemographic indicators in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Epidemiology Research Unit, Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7706608

Citation

Ghadirian, P, et al. "Food Habits of French Canadians in Montreal, Quebec." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 1, 1995, pp. 37-45.
Ghadirian P, Shatenstein B, Lambert J, et al. Food habits of French Canadians in Montreal, Quebec. J Am Coll Nutr. 1995;14(1):37-45.
Ghadirian, P., Shatenstein, B., Lambert, J., Thouez, J. P., PetitClerc, C., Parent, M. E., Mailhot, M., & Goulet, M. C. (1995). Food habits of French Canadians in Montreal, Quebec. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 14(1), 37-45.
Ghadirian P, et al. Food Habits of French Canadians in Montreal, Quebec. J Am Coll Nutr. 1995;14(1):37-45. PubMed PMID: 7706608.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food habits of French Canadians in Montreal, Quebec. AU - Ghadirian,P, AU - Shatenstein,B, AU - Lambert,J, AU - Thouez,J P, AU - PetitClerc,C, AU - Parent,M E, AU - Mailhot,M, AU - Goulet,M C, PY - 1995/2/1/pubmed PY - 1995/2/1/medline PY - 1995/2/1/entrez SP - 37 EP - 45 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 14 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Since the 1960's, marked sociocultural and economic changes have affected lifestyle, religious practices, and family structure among French Canadians in Quebec. Recent nutritional assessment was unavailable, despite indications of change. METHODS: A survey was carried out in 1988 in a representative sample living in Greater Montreal, to obtain current data on food habits, nutrient intakes and sociodemographic factors, using interviewer-administered questionnaires and seven-day food records. RESULTS: Some 845 families (1450 individuals from different age groups) were studied in two phases: summer/fall and winter/spring. Mean household size in the study population was 2.7. Among adults, extremes of educational level were observed, with 33% having elementary school only and 28% having completed university. On average, each household spent $CAN 89.90 a week for food, $26.00 for tobacco, and $13.50 for alcohol. Breakfast was eaten regularly by 90% of subjects while 96% ate lunch and 99% ate dinner. Morning snacks were consumed by 36% and afternoon snacks were taken by 50%. Milk was consumed with breakfast by 24% of respondents, with lunch by 19%, and with dinner by 24%. On weekdays, 81% of subjects ate their main meals at home, while on weekends this figure was 95%. Time spent for meals varied by meal, and was slightly longer on weekends. Specialty diets, including vegetarianism, were followed by 7% of the study subjects, while 22% adhered to health-related diets. CONCLUSIONS: The food record analyses revealed adequate nutrient intakes overall in relation to the 1990 Canadian Recommended Nutrient Intakes, although further investigation is needed before addressing dietary quality in specific age-sex groups. Protein comprised 16% of energy, fat 38%, and carbohydrates composed 45% or 46% for males and females, respectively. Subsequent analyses will evaluate nutrient intakes in relation to health and sociodemographic indicators in this population. SN - 0731-5724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7706608/Food_habits_of_French_Canadians_in_Montreal_Quebec_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.1995.10718471 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -