DNA-binding surface of the Sso7d protein from Sulfolobus solfataricus.J Mol Biol. 1995 Apr 14; 247(5):840-6.JM
We have used nuclear magnetic resonance (n.m.r.) spectroscopy to identify the DNA-binding surface of the abundant, small and basic protein Sso7d from the hyperthermophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus. The Sso7d protein was previously found to bind strongly to double-stranded DNA sequences and to protect DNA from thermal denaturation, indicating that it might assume a similar function in vivo. Several amide resonances in two-dimensional n.m.r. 1H, 15N correlation spectra of 15N-enriched Sso7d are shifted and broadened upon addition of small amounts of ten base-pair or 19 base-pair duplex DNA oligomers under conditions where Sso7d-DNA complexes exchange rapidly on the n.m.r. time scale. The locations of the corresponding amides in the Sso7d structure define the surface that interacts with DNA. This surface coincides with a continuous region of strong positive electrostatic potential, which was calculated by means of numerical solution of the Poisson-Boltzmann equation. A model of the non-specific Sso7d-DNA complex is suggested based on the present data and previously obtained evidence that Sso7d interacts with the DNA major groove. The protein-DNA interface consists of a triple-stranded beta-sheet, which interacts with the DNA major groove and a reverse turn connecting the two strands of a double-stranded beta-sheet, which interacts with the minor groove. We note that the five (of 14) lysine side-chains that are specifically subjected to N zeta-monomethylation in the cell are located on surfaces of Sso7d that are exposed to the solvent in the proposed Sso7d-DNA complex.