Characterization of kinin receptors by bioassays.Braz J Med Biol Res. 1994 Aug; 27(8):1781-91.BJ
1. Using the classical pharmacological criteria recommended by Schild, namely the order of potency of selective agonists (e.g., bradykinin, desArg9-bradykinin, [Hyp3]BK and [Aib7]BK) and the apparent affinity of competitive antagonists (e.g., DArg[Hyp3,DPhe7,Leu8]BK and WIN 64338), we have attempted to characterize B2 receptor subtypes. It has been shown that vascular tissues (e.g., dog carotid and renal arteries, rabbit jugular vein and rabbit aorta) are very sensitive to kinin agonists and antagonists (pD2 and pA2 values for BK and HOE 140 on B2 receptors are 8.5-10.1 and 9.2-9.4, respectively, and for desArg9BK and desArg9[Leu8]BK on B1 receptors they are 7.3-8.6 and 7.3-7.8, respectively). Mechanisms of action of kinins differ between pharmacological preparations. Kinin may act directly on the smooth muscle (e.g., rabbit jugular vein and rabbit aorta) as well as indirectly through other endogenous mediators such as nitric oxide (EDRF) (e.g., dog carotid and renal arteries) and prostaglandins (e.g., dog renal artery). 2. Pharmacological analysis of rabbit jugular vein (RJV) and guinea pig ileum (GPI) has revealed different sensitivities to certain synthetic analogs of BK and to competitive B2 receptor antagonists between the two tissues. 3. Agonist order of potency ([Hyp3]BK > BK > [Aib7]BK) obtained for RJV differed from that obtained for GPI (BK > or = [Aib7]BK > [Hyp3]BK). Competitive antagonists such as DArg[Hyp3, DPhe7, Leu8]BK and WIN 64338 discriminate in favor of B2A (RJV) and B2B (GPI) receptor subtypes, respectively. These data demonstrate the existence of B2 receptor subtypes. Correlation between data obtained in the present study and those reported for binding to the human B2 receptor support the view that the human receptor is similar to that of the rabbit.