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Coagulation factor VII mass and activity in young men with myocardial infarction at a young age. Role of plasma lipoproteins and factor VII genotype.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1995 May; 15(5):655-64.AT

Abstract

Factor VII (FVII) coagulant activity has been proven to be associated with the risk of future fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) in middle-aged men. Recent studies have emphasized the role of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and FVII genotype in determining plasma levels of FVII protein and activity. The present study was undertaken to examine whether FVII activity state and protein concentration in fasting plasma are altered in young men with proven myocardial infarction (MI) and examined the relations of FVII to subfractions of apo B-containing lipoproteins and the Arg-->Gln polymorphism in the FVII gene. Activated FVII (FVIIa) was determined by a clotting assay using soluble, recombinant, truncated tissue factor. A total of 94 men with a first MI before the age of 45 (mean age +/- SD, 39.6 +/- 4.5 years) were included in the study along with 99 population-based, age-matched control subjects. In addition to FVIIa and FVII antigen (FVII:Ag), a panel of FVII activity assays were included for comparison with previous work in this field. The plasma level of FVII:Ag was higher in patients than in control subjects when the entire groups were compared (537 +/- 128 versus 479 +/- 93 ng/mL, P < .001), the differences being accounted for by patients with hypertriglyceridemic lipoprotein phenotypes. In contrast, FVIIa was similar in patients and control subjects (4.6 +/- 1.4 versus 4.3 +/- 1.3 ng/mL, NS), which means that the proportion of FVIIa molecules was unaltered or even lower in the patients. As expected, the Arg-->Gln polymorphism significantly influenced both FVII mass and activity levels. In addition, presence of the Gln allele appeared to be associated with a lower proportion of fully active FVII molecules. The polymorphism also affected the relation between the plasma concentration of VLDL and FVII:Ag. The triglyceride content and particle number of all VLDL subfractions, irrespective of particle size, correlated fairly strongly with FVII mass determinations but not at all with FVIIa. HDL cholesterol concentration, on the other hand, presumably reflecting the efficiency of lipoprotein lipase-mediated lipolysis of VLDL, related significantly to the FVIIa level. The Arg-->Gln polymorphism, independent of lipoprotein effects, explained 5% to 10% of the variation in FVII mass and activity. In conclusion, the present findings speak against a role of FVII as a risk factor for CHD, because a significantly increased potential for activation of coagulation (ie, raised basal concentration of FVIIa) was not observed among young postinfarction patients.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Cardiology, King Gustaf V Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7749878

Citation

Moor, E, et al. "Coagulation Factor VII Mass and Activity in Young Men With Myocardial Infarction at a Young Age. Role of Plasma Lipoproteins and Factor VII Genotype." Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 15, no. 5, 1995, pp. 655-64.
Moor E, Silveira A, van't Hooft F, et al. Coagulation factor VII mass and activity in young men with myocardial infarction at a young age. Role of plasma lipoproteins and factor VII genotype. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1995;15(5):655-64.
Moor, E., Silveira, A., van't Hooft, F., Suontaka, A. M., Eriksson, P., Blombäck, M., & Hamsten, A. (1995). Coagulation factor VII mass and activity in young men with myocardial infarction at a young age. Role of plasma lipoproteins and factor VII genotype. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 15(5), 655-64.
Moor E, et al. Coagulation Factor VII Mass and Activity in Young Men With Myocardial Infarction at a Young Age. Role of Plasma Lipoproteins and Factor VII Genotype. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1995;15(5):655-64. PubMed PMID: 7749878.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coagulation factor VII mass and activity in young men with myocardial infarction at a young age. Role of plasma lipoproteins and factor VII genotype. AU - Moor,E, AU - Silveira,A, AU - van't Hooft,F, AU - Suontaka,A M, AU - Eriksson,P, AU - Blombäck,M, AU - Hamsten,A, PY - 1995/5/1/pubmed PY - 1995/5/1/medline PY - 1995/5/1/entrez SP - 655 EP - 64 JF - Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology JO - Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol VL - 15 IS - 5 N2 - Factor VII (FVII) coagulant activity has been proven to be associated with the risk of future fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) in middle-aged men. Recent studies have emphasized the role of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and FVII genotype in determining plasma levels of FVII protein and activity. The present study was undertaken to examine whether FVII activity state and protein concentration in fasting plasma are altered in young men with proven myocardial infarction (MI) and examined the relations of FVII to subfractions of apo B-containing lipoproteins and the Arg-->Gln polymorphism in the FVII gene. Activated FVII (FVIIa) was determined by a clotting assay using soluble, recombinant, truncated tissue factor. A total of 94 men with a first MI before the age of 45 (mean age +/- SD, 39.6 +/- 4.5 years) were included in the study along with 99 population-based, age-matched control subjects. In addition to FVIIa and FVII antigen (FVII:Ag), a panel of FVII activity assays were included for comparison with previous work in this field. The plasma level of FVII:Ag was higher in patients than in control subjects when the entire groups were compared (537 +/- 128 versus 479 +/- 93 ng/mL, P < .001), the differences being accounted for by patients with hypertriglyceridemic lipoprotein phenotypes. In contrast, FVIIa was similar in patients and control subjects (4.6 +/- 1.4 versus 4.3 +/- 1.3 ng/mL, NS), which means that the proportion of FVIIa molecules was unaltered or even lower in the patients. As expected, the Arg-->Gln polymorphism significantly influenced both FVII mass and activity levels. In addition, presence of the Gln allele appeared to be associated with a lower proportion of fully active FVII molecules. The polymorphism also affected the relation between the plasma concentration of VLDL and FVII:Ag. The triglyceride content and particle number of all VLDL subfractions, irrespective of particle size, correlated fairly strongly with FVII mass determinations but not at all with FVIIa. HDL cholesterol concentration, on the other hand, presumably reflecting the efficiency of lipoprotein lipase-mediated lipolysis of VLDL, related significantly to the FVIIa level. The Arg-->Gln polymorphism, independent of lipoprotein effects, explained 5% to 10% of the variation in FVII mass and activity. In conclusion, the present findings speak against a role of FVII as a risk factor for CHD, because a significantly increased potential for activation of coagulation (ie, raised basal concentration of FVIIa) was not observed among young postinfarction patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 1079-5642 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7749878/Coagulation_factor_VII_mass_and_activity_in_young_men_with_myocardial_infarction_at_a_young_age__Role_of_plasma_lipoproteins_and_factor_VII_genotype_ L2 - https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/01.atv.15.5.655?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -