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Do some types of alcoholic beverages lead to more problems for adolescents?
J Stud Alcohol 1995; 56(1):35-8JS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

In surveys of alcohol use the alcoholic beverage preferred is sometimes noted but rarely given much attention. What little research exists on how beverage type relates to alcohol problems, delinquency and drug use has produced inconsistent results. This study identifies groups of high school students who drink beer, wine or spirits exclusively as well as those who drink multiple beverage types and examines whether problems are limited to a beverage type or a combination of types.

METHOD

This study uses data from the 1991 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey. The sampling design employs a stratified (grade by region) single-stage cluster sample of homeroom classes. Students who drank alcohol at least once a month are included (N = 1,557).

RESULTS

Most students (82%) drink a combination of beer, wine and spirits. However, drinker type is not related to alcohol problems, drinking and driving, tobacco use, cannabis use or drug problems, holding constant age, gender and alcohol consumption. Only for heavy drinking and delinquency is there a significant association with drinker type. Exclusive beer and spirits drinkers and drinkers of all three beverages are more likely than the other drinker types to consume five or more drinks on a single occasion and to engage in delinquent behavior.

CONCLUSIONS

Drinkers of beer and spirits and all three beverage types are not only heavier drinkers but probably more rebellious and deviant. Wine, if taken exclusively, appears to be the beverage of moderation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Addiction Research Foundation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7752630

Citation

Smart, R G., and G W. Walsh. "Do some Types of Alcoholic Beverages Lead to More Problems for Adolescents?" Journal of Studies On Alcohol, vol. 56, no. 1, 1995, pp. 35-8.
Smart RG, Walsh GW. Do some types of alcoholic beverages lead to more problems for adolescents? J Stud Alcohol. 1995;56(1):35-8.
Smart, R. G., & Walsh, G. W. (1995). Do some types of alcoholic beverages lead to more problems for adolescents? Journal of Studies On Alcohol, 56(1), pp. 35-8.
Smart RG, Walsh GW. Do some Types of Alcoholic Beverages Lead to More Problems for Adolescents. J Stud Alcohol. 1995;56(1):35-8. PubMed PMID: 7752630.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do some types of alcoholic beverages lead to more problems for adolescents? AU - Smart,R G, AU - Walsh,G W, PY - 1995/1/1/pubmed PY - 1995/1/1/medline PY - 1995/1/1/entrez SP - 35 EP - 8 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol JO - J. Stud. Alcohol VL - 56 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: In surveys of alcohol use the alcoholic beverage preferred is sometimes noted but rarely given much attention. What little research exists on how beverage type relates to alcohol problems, delinquency and drug use has produced inconsistent results. This study identifies groups of high school students who drink beer, wine or spirits exclusively as well as those who drink multiple beverage types and examines whether problems are limited to a beverage type or a combination of types. METHOD: This study uses data from the 1991 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey. The sampling design employs a stratified (grade by region) single-stage cluster sample of homeroom classes. Students who drank alcohol at least once a month are included (N = 1,557). RESULTS: Most students (82%) drink a combination of beer, wine and spirits. However, drinker type is not related to alcohol problems, drinking and driving, tobacco use, cannabis use or drug problems, holding constant age, gender and alcohol consumption. Only for heavy drinking and delinquency is there a significant association with drinker type. Exclusive beer and spirits drinkers and drinkers of all three beverages are more likely than the other drinker types to consume five or more drinks on a single occasion and to engage in delinquent behavior. CONCLUSIONS: Drinkers of beer and spirits and all three beverage types are not only heavier drinkers but probably more rebellious and deviant. Wine, if taken exclusively, appears to be the beverage of moderation. SN - 0096-882X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7752630/Do_some_types_of_alcoholic_beverages_lead_to_more_problems_for_adolescents L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/10.15288/jsa.1995.56.35 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -