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Compatibility of adaptive responses with combining strength and endurance training.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Mar; 27(3):429-36.MS

Abstract

Impairment in strength development has been demonstrated with combined strength and endurance training as compared with strength training alone. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of combining conventional 3 d.wk-1 strength and endurance training on the compatibility of improving both VO2peak and strength performance simultaneously. Sedentary adult males, randomly assigned to one of three groups (N = 10 each), completed 10 wk of training. A strength-only (S) group performed eight weight-training exercises (4 sets/exercise, 5-7 repetitions/set), an endurance-only (E) group performed continuous cycle exercise (50 min at 70% heart rate reserve), and a combined (C) group performed the same S and E exercise in a single session. S and C groups demonstrated similar increases (P < 0.0167) in 1RM squat (23% and 22%) and bench press (18% for both groups), in maximal isometric knee extension torque (12% and 7%), in maximal vertical jump (6% and 9%), and in fat-free mass (3% and 5%). E training did not induce changes in any of these variables. VO2peak (ml.kg-1.min-1) increased (P < 0.01) similarly in both E (18%) and C (16%) groups. Results indicate 3 d.wk-1 combined training can induce substantial concurrent and compatible increases in VO2peak and strength performance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biodynamics Laboratory, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7752872

Citation

McCarthy, J P., et al. "Compatibility of Adaptive Responses With Combining Strength and Endurance Training." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 27, no. 3, 1995, pp. 429-36.
McCarthy JP, Agre JC, Graf BK, et al. Compatibility of adaptive responses with combining strength and endurance training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995;27(3):429-36.
McCarthy, J. P., Agre, J. C., Graf, B. K., Pozniak, M. A., & Vailas, A. C. (1995). Compatibility of adaptive responses with combining strength and endurance training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 27(3), 429-36.
McCarthy JP, et al. Compatibility of Adaptive Responses With Combining Strength and Endurance Training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995;27(3):429-36. PubMed PMID: 7752872.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Compatibility of adaptive responses with combining strength and endurance training. AU - McCarthy,J P, AU - Agre,J C, AU - Graf,B K, AU - Pozniak,M A, AU - Vailas,A C, PY - 1995/3/1/pubmed PY - 1995/3/1/medline PY - 1995/3/1/entrez SP - 429 EP - 36 JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JO - Med Sci Sports Exerc VL - 27 IS - 3 N2 - Impairment in strength development has been demonstrated with combined strength and endurance training as compared with strength training alone. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of combining conventional 3 d.wk-1 strength and endurance training on the compatibility of improving both VO2peak and strength performance simultaneously. Sedentary adult males, randomly assigned to one of three groups (N = 10 each), completed 10 wk of training. A strength-only (S) group performed eight weight-training exercises (4 sets/exercise, 5-7 repetitions/set), an endurance-only (E) group performed continuous cycle exercise (50 min at 70% heart rate reserve), and a combined (C) group performed the same S and E exercise in a single session. S and C groups demonstrated similar increases (P < 0.0167) in 1RM squat (23% and 22%) and bench press (18% for both groups), in maximal isometric knee extension torque (12% and 7%), in maximal vertical jump (6% and 9%), and in fat-free mass (3% and 5%). E training did not induce changes in any of these variables. VO2peak (ml.kg-1.min-1) increased (P < 0.01) similarly in both E (18%) and C (16%) groups. Results indicate 3 d.wk-1 combined training can induce substantial concurrent and compatible increases in VO2peak and strength performance. SN - 0195-9131 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7752872/Compatibility_of_adaptive_responses_with_combining_strength_and_endurance_training_ L2 - https://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=7752872 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -