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Mortality associated with moderate intakes of wine, beer, or spirits.
BMJ. 1995 May 06; 310(6988):1165-9.BMJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the association between intake of different types of alcoholic drinks and mortality.

DESIGN

Prospective population study with baseline assessment of alcohol intake, smoking habit, income, education, and body mass index, and 10-12 years' follow up of mortality.

SETTING

Copenhagen city heart study, Denmark.

SUBJECTS

6051 men and 7234 women aged 30-70 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Number and time of cause-specific deaths from 1976 to 1988.

RESULTS

The risk of dying steadily decreased with an increasing intake of wine--from a relative risk of 1.00 for the subjects who never drank wine to 0.51 (95% confidence interval 0.32 to 0.81) for those who drank three to five glasses a day. Intake of neither beer nor spirits, however, was associated with reduced risk. For spirits intake the relative risk of dying increased from 1.00 for those who never drank to 1.34 (1.05 to 1.71) for those with an intake of three to five drinks a day. The effects of the three types of alcoholic drinks seemed to be independent of each other, and no significant interactions existed with sex, age, education, income, smoking, or body mass index. Wine drinking showed the same relation to risk of death from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease as to risk of death from all causes.

CONCLUSION

Low to moderate intake of wine is associated with lower mortality from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and other causes. Similar intake of spirits implied an increased risk, while beer drinking did not affect mortality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Hospital Corporation.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7767150

Citation

Grønbaek, M, et al. "Mortality Associated With Moderate Intakes of Wine, Beer, or Spirits." BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), vol. 310, no. 6988, 1995, pp. 1165-9.
Grønbaek M, Deis A, Sørensen TI, et al. Mortality associated with moderate intakes of wine, beer, or spirits. BMJ. 1995;310(6988):1165-9.
Grønbaek, M., Deis, A., Sørensen, T. I., Becker, U., Schnohr, P., & Jensen, G. (1995). Mortality associated with moderate intakes of wine, beer, or spirits. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 310(6988), 1165-9.
Grønbaek M, et al. Mortality Associated With Moderate Intakes of Wine, Beer, or Spirits. BMJ. 1995 May 6;310(6988):1165-9. PubMed PMID: 7767150.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mortality associated with moderate intakes of wine, beer, or spirits. AU - Grønbaek,M, AU - Deis,A, AU - Sørensen,T I, AU - Becker,U, AU - Schnohr,P, AU - Jensen,G, PY - 1995/5/6/pubmed PY - 1995/5/6/medline PY - 1995/5/6/entrez SP - 1165 EP - 9 JF - BMJ (Clinical research ed.) JO - BMJ VL - 310 IS - 6988 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between intake of different types of alcoholic drinks and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective population study with baseline assessment of alcohol intake, smoking habit, income, education, and body mass index, and 10-12 years' follow up of mortality. SETTING: Copenhagen city heart study, Denmark. SUBJECTS: 6051 men and 7234 women aged 30-70 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Number and time of cause-specific deaths from 1976 to 1988. RESULTS: The risk of dying steadily decreased with an increasing intake of wine--from a relative risk of 1.00 for the subjects who never drank wine to 0.51 (95% confidence interval 0.32 to 0.81) for those who drank three to five glasses a day. Intake of neither beer nor spirits, however, was associated with reduced risk. For spirits intake the relative risk of dying increased from 1.00 for those who never drank to 1.34 (1.05 to 1.71) for those with an intake of three to five drinks a day. The effects of the three types of alcoholic drinks seemed to be independent of each other, and no significant interactions existed with sex, age, education, income, smoking, or body mass index. Wine drinking showed the same relation to risk of death from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease as to risk of death from all causes. CONCLUSION: Low to moderate intake of wine is associated with lower mortality from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and other causes. Similar intake of spirits implied an increased risk, while beer drinking did not affect mortality. SN - 0959-8138 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7767150/Mortality_associated_with_moderate_intakes_of_wine_beer_or_spirits_ L2 - https://www.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=7767150 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -