Occurrence and characteristics of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolated from calves with diarrhea.Infect Immun. 1976 Apr; 13(4):1117-9.II
Of 1,004 isolates of Escherichia coli obtained during the spring of 1975 in seven different states from calves with diarrhea, 124 isolates were enterotoxigenic based upon ability to cause distention of the calf ligated intestinal segment. Isolates of enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) were obtained from calves in six of the seven states. ETEC were detected in calves in 118 of 355 herds in Montana during the 1974 and 1975 spring beef calving seasons. The occurrence and serotypes of ETEC isolated from calves in states outside Montana were similar to ETEC isolated from calves in Montana. One hundred and fourteen of the 124 isolates of ETEC were placed in one of six different groups upon agglutination in OK antiserum. Serotyping of 35 of the 124 isolates of ETEC indicated the following serotype for isolates in each group: group 1, O9:K35; group 2, O101:K30; group 3, O8:K85; group 4, O20:K?; group 5, O8:K25; and group 6, O101:K28. Determination of the presence of K99 antigen indicated that 28 of 35 isolates of ETEC had K99 antigen, whereas the antigen was not detected in any of the 10 isolates of non-ETEC studied.