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[A 65-year-old woman with dysarthria, dysphagia, weakness, and gait disturbance].
No To Shinkei. 1995 Apr; 47(4):399-410.NT

Abstract

We report a 65-year-old woman with progressive dysarthria, dysphagia, weakness, and gait disturbance. The patient was well until 59 years of age (January of 1986) when she noted bilateral ptosis. One year later, she noted a gradual onset of difficulty in speech (articulation). Her speech slowly deteriorated and she noted weakness in chewing power and difficulty in swallowing in addition. In October 1987, she developed emotional incontinence. In January of 1988, she started to drag her left foot. She was admitted to our hospital on June 13 of 1988. On admission, she was alert and general physical examination was unremarkable. Neurologic examination revealed no dementia; her higher cerebral functions appeared intact. Ptosis was present bilaterally more on the right. She showed difficulty in opening her eyes on command; no contraction of the frontal muscles was seen upon attempted eye opening. There was a moderate limitation in the vertical gaze. Forced laughing and crying were seen. Facial muscles were moderately weak without apparent atrophy. The movement of the soft palate was very weak, and swallowing disturbance was more prominent for liquid staff. The tongue appeared somewhat small, however, no fasciculation was noted. Her step was small and the posture was stooped. Retropulsion was present, however, Romberg's sign was absent. No muscle atrophy was apparent, however, diffuse mile to moderate muscle weakness was noted in all four limbs. Cerebellar sign was absent. Deep tendon reflexes were exaggerated bilaterally, and Babinski sign was present on the left side. Sensation was intact. Routine blood tests were unremarkable as was a cranial CT scan. Her ptosis did not improve after 10 mg of edrophonium injection. CSF was also normal. She was transferred to another hospital but her neurological disabilities further progressed. In 1989, she was totally unable to move her limbs; she could only move her eyes; still consciousness was clear without dementia. She developed respiratory difficulty and expired on July 25, 1992. She was discussed in a neurological CPC, and the opinions were divided into ALS and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS). The chief discussant arrived at the conclusion that the patient might have had the pyramidal form of ALS. Postmorten examination revealed marked myelin pallor in the anterior as well as lateral corticospinal tracts. Pyramidal tract degeneration was prominent starting at the level of the cerebral peduncle and was continued to be seen until the level of lumbar cord. The number of anterior horn cells showed only slight decrease in the cervical level, however, it was normal in the lumbar cord.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Clinical Conference
English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

jpn

PubMed ID

7772410

Citation

Imai, H, et al. "[A 65-year-old Woman With Dysarthria, Dysphagia, Weakness, and Gait Disturbance]." No to Shinkei = Brain and Nerve, vol. 47, no. 4, 1995, pp. 399-410.
Imai H, Furukawa Y, Sumino S, et al. [A 65-year-old woman with dysarthria, dysphagia, weakness, and gait disturbance]. No To Shinkei. 1995;47(4):399-410.
Imai, H., Furukawa, Y., Sumino, S., Mori, H., Ueda, G., Shirai, T., Kondo, T., & Mizuno, Y. (1995). [A 65-year-old woman with dysarthria, dysphagia, weakness, and gait disturbance]. No to Shinkei = Brain and Nerve, 47(4), 399-410.
Imai H, et al. [A 65-year-old Woman With Dysarthria, Dysphagia, Weakness, and Gait Disturbance]. No To Shinkei. 1995;47(4):399-410. PubMed PMID: 7772410.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [A 65-year-old woman with dysarthria, dysphagia, weakness, and gait disturbance]. AU - Imai,H, AU - Furukawa,Y, AU - Sumino,S, AU - Mori,H, AU - Ueda,G, AU - Shirai,T, AU - Kondo,T, AU - Mizuno,Y, PY - 1995/4/1/pubmed PY - 1995/4/1/medline PY - 1995/4/1/entrez SP - 399 EP - 410 JF - No to shinkei = Brain and nerve JO - No To Shinkei VL - 47 IS - 4 N2 - We report a 65-year-old woman with progressive dysarthria, dysphagia, weakness, and gait disturbance. The patient was well until 59 years of age (January of 1986) when she noted bilateral ptosis. One year later, she noted a gradual onset of difficulty in speech (articulation). Her speech slowly deteriorated and she noted weakness in chewing power and difficulty in swallowing in addition. In October 1987, she developed emotional incontinence. In January of 1988, she started to drag her left foot. She was admitted to our hospital on June 13 of 1988. On admission, she was alert and general physical examination was unremarkable. Neurologic examination revealed no dementia; her higher cerebral functions appeared intact. Ptosis was present bilaterally more on the right. She showed difficulty in opening her eyes on command; no contraction of the frontal muscles was seen upon attempted eye opening. There was a moderate limitation in the vertical gaze. Forced laughing and crying were seen. Facial muscles were moderately weak without apparent atrophy. The movement of the soft palate was very weak, and swallowing disturbance was more prominent for liquid staff. The tongue appeared somewhat small, however, no fasciculation was noted. Her step was small and the posture was stooped. Retropulsion was present, however, Romberg's sign was absent. No muscle atrophy was apparent, however, diffuse mile to moderate muscle weakness was noted in all four limbs. Cerebellar sign was absent. Deep tendon reflexes were exaggerated bilaterally, and Babinski sign was present on the left side. Sensation was intact. Routine blood tests were unremarkable as was a cranial CT scan. Her ptosis did not improve after 10 mg of edrophonium injection. CSF was also normal. She was transferred to another hospital but her neurological disabilities further progressed. In 1989, she was totally unable to move her limbs; she could only move her eyes; still consciousness was clear without dementia. She developed respiratory difficulty and expired on July 25, 1992. She was discussed in a neurological CPC, and the opinions were divided into ALS and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS). The chief discussant arrived at the conclusion that the patient might have had the pyramidal form of ALS. Postmorten examination revealed marked myelin pallor in the anterior as well as lateral corticospinal tracts. Pyramidal tract degeneration was prominent starting at the level of the cerebral peduncle and was continued to be seen until the level of lumbar cord. The number of anterior horn cells showed only slight decrease in the cervical level, however, it was normal in the lumbar cord.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0006-8969 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7772410/[A_65_year_old_woman_with_dysarthria_dysphagia_weakness_and_gait_disturbance]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2395 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -