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Adherence to very-low-fat diet by a group of cardiac rehabilitation patients in the rural southeastern United States.

Abstract

This 28-week observational study measured adherence to and acceptability of the diet and nutrition component of an Ornish-type program among patients in a rural southern setting. Ten volunteers followed a very-low-fat (10% of energy), total vegetarian diet and participated in a program of exercise, stress management, and group support. Patients made significant dietary changes and found the diet "acceptable." Three patients consumed less than 10% of energy from fat and two additional patients consumed less than 20% of energy from fat. Eighty-five percent of the patients' meals adhered to a near vegetarian diet. Weight loss ranged from 0.1 to 11.7 kg (0.25 to 26 lb). Lipid values were unchanged. At 12 months, without the benefit of the structured program, one patient reported 100%, six reported 85%, and two reported 50% adherence to the dietary principles. We conclude that motivated patients with coronary artery disease can follow a very-low-fat, near vegetarian diet but experience difficulty without a structured program.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Department of Family Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, USA.

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Source

Archives of family medicine 4:6 1995 Jun pg 551-4

MeSH

Coronary Disease
Dietary Fats
Female
Humans
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
North Carolina
Patient Compliance
Rural Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7773433

Citation

Franklin, T L., et al. "Adherence to Very-low-fat Diet By a Group of Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients in the Rural Southeastern United States." Archives of Family Medicine, vol. 4, no. 6, 1995, pp. 551-4.
Franklin TL, Kolasa KM, Griffin K, et al. Adherence to very-low-fat diet by a group of cardiac rehabilitation patients in the rural southeastern United States. Arch Fam Med. 1995;4(6):551-4.
Franklin, T. L., Kolasa, K. M., Griffin, K., Mayo, C., & Badenhop, D. T. (1995). Adherence to very-low-fat diet by a group of cardiac rehabilitation patients in the rural southeastern United States. Archives of Family Medicine, 4(6), pp. 551-4.
Franklin TL, et al. Adherence to Very-low-fat Diet By a Group of Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients in the Rural Southeastern United States. Arch Fam Med. 1995;4(6):551-4. PubMed PMID: 7773433.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adherence to very-low-fat diet by a group of cardiac rehabilitation patients in the rural southeastern United States. AU - Franklin,T L, AU - Kolasa,K M, AU - Griffin,K, AU - Mayo,C, AU - Badenhop,D T, PY - 1995/6/1/pubmed PY - 1995/6/1/medline PY - 1995/6/1/entrez SP - 551 EP - 4 JF - Archives of family medicine JO - Arch Fam Med VL - 4 IS - 6 N2 - This 28-week observational study measured adherence to and acceptability of the diet and nutrition component of an Ornish-type program among patients in a rural southern setting. Ten volunteers followed a very-low-fat (10% of energy), total vegetarian diet and participated in a program of exercise, stress management, and group support. Patients made significant dietary changes and found the diet "acceptable." Three patients consumed less than 10% of energy from fat and two additional patients consumed less than 20% of energy from fat. Eighty-five percent of the patients' meals adhered to a near vegetarian diet. Weight loss ranged from 0.1 to 11.7 kg (0.25 to 26 lb). Lipid values were unchanged. At 12 months, without the benefit of the structured program, one patient reported 100%, six reported 85%, and two reported 50% adherence to the dietary principles. We conclude that motivated patients with coronary artery disease can follow a very-low-fat, near vegetarian diet but experience difficulty without a structured program. SN - 1063-3987 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7773433/full_citation L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/dietaryfats.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -