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Bone mineral density and dietary intake of female college gymnasts.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Apr; 27(4):543-9.MS

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to determine bone mineral density (BMD) of female college gymnasts (N = 26) and age- (+/- 1.0 yr), height- (+/- 5.1 cm), and weight- (+/- 2.3 kg) matched controls (N = 26) using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and to examine the relationship of physical activity, diet, menstrual history, and BMD in these athletes. Energy expenditure, dietary intake and menstruation were assessed using standardized questionnaires. The BMD of the gymnasts were significantly (all P < 0.0001) higher than controls for the lumbar spine (L1-4), total proximal femur, femoral neck, Ward's triangle, and whole body. Mean calcium and kcal intakes for both groups were lower than the Recommended Dietary Allowances, and gymnasts had significantly lower kcal intakes than controls (P < 0.05). More gymnasts than controls (59% vs 24%) reported that their menstrual cycle had been interrupted at some point since menarche (P < 0.02). The major finding of this investigation is that the BMD of gymnasts were higher than matched controls despite the fact that gymnasts as a group had inadequate dietary calcium and a higher propensity to have an interruption of their menstrual cycle.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Foods and Nutrition, University of Georgia, Athens 30602-3622.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7791585

Citation

Kirchner, E M., et al. "Bone Mineral Density and Dietary Intake of Female College Gymnasts." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 27, no. 4, 1995, pp. 543-9.
Kirchner EM, Lewis RD, O'Connor PJ. Bone mineral density and dietary intake of female college gymnasts. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995;27(4):543-9.
Kirchner, E. M., Lewis, R. D., & O'Connor, P. J. (1995). Bone mineral density and dietary intake of female college gymnasts. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 27(4), 543-9.
Kirchner EM, Lewis RD, O'Connor PJ. Bone Mineral Density and Dietary Intake of Female College Gymnasts. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995;27(4):543-9. PubMed PMID: 7791585.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bone mineral density and dietary intake of female college gymnasts. AU - Kirchner,E M, AU - Lewis,R D, AU - O'Connor,P J, PY - 1995/4/1/pubmed PY - 1995/4/1/medline PY - 1995/4/1/entrez SP - 543 EP - 9 JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JO - Med Sci Sports Exerc VL - 27 IS - 4 N2 - The purposes of this study were to determine bone mineral density (BMD) of female college gymnasts (N = 26) and age- (+/- 1.0 yr), height- (+/- 5.1 cm), and weight- (+/- 2.3 kg) matched controls (N = 26) using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and to examine the relationship of physical activity, diet, menstrual history, and BMD in these athletes. Energy expenditure, dietary intake and menstruation were assessed using standardized questionnaires. The BMD of the gymnasts were significantly (all P < 0.0001) higher than controls for the lumbar spine (L1-4), total proximal femur, femoral neck, Ward's triangle, and whole body. Mean calcium and kcal intakes for both groups were lower than the Recommended Dietary Allowances, and gymnasts had significantly lower kcal intakes than controls (P < 0.05). More gymnasts than controls (59% vs 24%) reported that their menstrual cycle had been interrupted at some point since menarche (P < 0.02). The major finding of this investigation is that the BMD of gymnasts were higher than matched controls despite the fact that gymnasts as a group had inadequate dietary calcium and a higher propensity to have an interruption of their menstrual cycle. SN - 0195-9131 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7791585/Bone_mineral_density_and_dietary_intake_of_female_college_gymnasts_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=7791585 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -