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Vegetables, fruits, and legumes: effect on urinary isoflavonoid phytoestrogen and lignan excretion.
J Am Diet Assoc 1995; 95(7):769-74JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the effect of vegetable, fruit, and legume consumption on urinary isoflavonoid phytoestrogen and lignan excretion.

DESIGN

After 4 days of data collection, during which subjects consumed their habitual diets, subjects were randomly placed on four 9-day controlled experimental diets with each subject receiving each diet in a random order.

SUBJECTS

Seven men and three women, aged 20 to 35 years, were recruited from the University of Minnesota Twin Cities community.

INTERVENTIONS

All subjects consumed four experimental diets in an assigned random order: a controlled basal diet, a legume/allium diet (containing garbanzo beans, garlic, and onions), and diets low or high in vegetables and fruits (containing apples, pears, potatoes, and carrots).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Urine samples that were collected while subjects consumed their habitual diets and during the last 3 days of each feeding period were analyzed for isoflavonoid and lignan content using isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED

The effect of vegetable and fruit intake on urinary isoflavonoid and lignan excretion was analyzed using the general linear model procedure. Post hoc comparisons were made using Duncan's multiple range test.

RESULTS

Subjects excreted more of the lignan enterodiol on the high vegetable/fruit diet compared with the basal and legume/allium diets (P = .03); more of the isoflavonoids O-desmethylangolensin (O-DMA), genistein, and sum of isoflavonoids on the legume/allium diet compared with the other controlled diets (P < .05); and more of the isoflavan equol on the basal and legume/allium diets compared with the high vegetable/fruit diet (P < .01). Subjects who excreted higher levels of equol on the basal and legume/allium diets also consumed more of the milk-based pudding provided as part of the controlled diets.

CONCLUSIONS

Urinary lignan and isoflavonoid excretion changed in response to alterations in vegetable, fruit, and legume intake under controlled dietary conditions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7797807

Citation

Hutchins, A M., et al. "Vegetables, Fruits, and Legumes: Effect On Urinary Isoflavonoid Phytoestrogen and Lignan Excretion." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 95, no. 7, 1995, pp. 769-74.
Hutchins AM, Lampe JW, Martini MC, et al. Vegetables, fruits, and legumes: effect on urinary isoflavonoid phytoestrogen and lignan excretion. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995;95(7):769-74.
Hutchins, A. M., Lampe, J. W., Martini, M. C., Campbell, D. R., & Slavin, J. L. (1995). Vegetables, fruits, and legumes: effect on urinary isoflavonoid phytoestrogen and lignan excretion. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 95(7), pp. 769-74.
Hutchins AM, et al. Vegetables, Fruits, and Legumes: Effect On Urinary Isoflavonoid Phytoestrogen and Lignan Excretion. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995;95(7):769-74. PubMed PMID: 7797807.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetables, fruits, and legumes: effect on urinary isoflavonoid phytoestrogen and lignan excretion. AU - Hutchins,A M, AU - Lampe,J W, AU - Martini,M C, AU - Campbell,D R, AU - Slavin,J L, PY - 1995/7/1/pubmed PY - 1995/7/1/medline PY - 1995/7/1/entrez SP - 769 EP - 74 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 95 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of vegetable, fruit, and legume consumption on urinary isoflavonoid phytoestrogen and lignan excretion. DESIGN: After 4 days of data collection, during which subjects consumed their habitual diets, subjects were randomly placed on four 9-day controlled experimental diets with each subject receiving each diet in a random order. SUBJECTS: Seven men and three women, aged 20 to 35 years, were recruited from the University of Minnesota Twin Cities community. INTERVENTIONS: All subjects consumed four experimental diets in an assigned random order: a controlled basal diet, a legume/allium diet (containing garbanzo beans, garlic, and onions), and diets low or high in vegetables and fruits (containing apples, pears, potatoes, and carrots). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Urine samples that were collected while subjects consumed their habitual diets and during the last 3 days of each feeding period were analyzed for isoflavonoid and lignan content using isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED: The effect of vegetable and fruit intake on urinary isoflavonoid and lignan excretion was analyzed using the general linear model procedure. Post hoc comparisons were made using Duncan's multiple range test. RESULTS: Subjects excreted more of the lignan enterodiol on the high vegetable/fruit diet compared with the basal and legume/allium diets (P = .03); more of the isoflavonoids O-desmethylangolensin (O-DMA), genistein, and sum of isoflavonoids on the legume/allium diet compared with the other controlled diets (P < .05); and more of the isoflavan equol on the basal and legume/allium diets compared with the high vegetable/fruit diet (P < .01). Subjects who excreted higher levels of equol on the basal and legume/allium diets also consumed more of the milk-based pudding provided as part of the controlled diets. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary lignan and isoflavonoid excretion changed in response to alterations in vegetable, fruit, and legume intake under controlled dietary conditions. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7797807/Vegetables_fruits_and_legumes:_effect_on_urinary_isoflavonoid_phytoestrogen_and_lignan_excretion_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(95)00214-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -