Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Bradykinin B2 receptors and coupling mechanisms in the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia caeci.
Br J Pharmacol. 1994 Oct; 113(2):607-13.BJ

Abstract

1. In the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia caeci, bradykinin produces a relaxation followed by a contraction. In the presence of hexamethonium and guanethidine, both these phases of the response were insensitive to tetrodotoxin (100 nM), omega-conotoxin GVIA (100 nM) and ibuprofen (1 microM), suggesting that they are due to a direct action on the smooth muscle. 2. The B1 receptor-selective agonist, [des-Arg9]-BK (1-100 microM), was inactive in the taenia caeci, and the B1 receptor-selective antagonist, [Leu8,des-Arg9]-BK (1-10 microM), did not inhibit either phase of the bradykinin-induced response. The B2 receptor-selective antagonist, D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK (Hoe 140) (30-300 nM), inhibited both the bradykinin-induced relaxation and contraction with a similar affinity (apparent pKB estimates of 8.5 +/- 0.1 and 8.4 +/- 0.1 respectively). 3. In a depolarizing high-K(+)-solution, bradykinin produced concentration-related contractions, though of diminished magnitude; but no relaxation was observed in such media. In Krebs solution, the Ca(2+)-activated K(+)-channel blocker, apamin (10 nM), abolished relaxant responses. These observations suggest that contraction results both from membrane potential-dependent, and membrane potential-independent, mechanisms; whereas relaxant responses result entirely from membrane potential-dependent mechanisms. Contractile responses obtained in the high K(+)-solution were inhibited by D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK with an apparent pKB value of 8.4 +/- 0.1. 4. In a Ca(2+)-free, EGTA-containing medium, relatively high concentrations of bradykinin (> 100 nM) produced transient contractions, suggesting that a component of the contractile response results from release of Ca2+ from an intracellular store. This intracellular Ca2+ store could be refilled in the presence of extracellular Ca2+. The B, receptor antagonist, [Leu8,des-Argj-BK (10 micro M), did not inhibit this bradykinin-induced contraction, whereas the B2 receptor antagonist, D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK(100 nM) markedly attenuated it (P<0.001; n = 6).5. Bradykinin (10 nM- 100 micro M) significantly elevated tissue levels of total [3H]-inositol phosphates in the presence of Li?, after incubation with myo-[3H]-inositol. The B, receptor-selective agonist, [des-Argl-BK(100IM) did not stimulate [3H]-inositol phosphate formation, and the B, receptor-selective antagonist,[Leu8,des-Argl-BK, did not inhibit the formation of [3H]-inositol phosphates in response to a submaximal concentration of bradykinin (1I0 1M; P> 0.05). Two B2 receptor antagonists, D-Arg-[Hyp3,DPhe7]-BK and D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK, inhibited bradykinin-induced accumulation of total[3H]-inositol phosphates with apparent pKB estimates of 5.4 +/0 0.3 and 8.4 +/- 0.1, respectively.6. These data suggest that in the guinea-pig taenia caeci, the five aspects of the action of bradykinin studied (the relaxant and the contractile elements of the biphasic mechanical response, the contractile response in a depolarizing high-K' solution medium and zero-Ca2+ media, and stimulation of phosphatidylinositol turnover), all result from activation of B2 receptors. A possible causal relationship is suggested between these B2 receptor-mediated membrane potential-dependent, and -independent events,and their roles in excitation contraction coupling.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biomedical Sciences Division, King's College London, Chelsea, London.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7834214

Citation

Field, J L., et al. "Bradykinin B2 Receptors and Coupling Mechanisms in the Smooth Muscle of the Guinea-pig Taenia Caeci." British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 113, no. 2, 1994, pp. 607-13.
Field JL, Butt SK, Morton IK, et al. Bradykinin B2 receptors and coupling mechanisms in the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia caeci. Br J Pharmacol. 1994;113(2):607-13.
Field, J. L., Butt, S. K., Morton, I. K., & Hall, J. M. (1994). Bradykinin B2 receptors and coupling mechanisms in the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia caeci. British Journal of Pharmacology, 113(2), 607-13.
Field JL, et al. Bradykinin B2 Receptors and Coupling Mechanisms in the Smooth Muscle of the Guinea-pig Taenia Caeci. Br J Pharmacol. 1994;113(2):607-13. PubMed PMID: 7834214.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bradykinin B2 receptors and coupling mechanisms in the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia caeci. AU - Field,J L, AU - Butt,S K, AU - Morton,I K, AU - Hall,J M, PY - 1994/10/1/pubmed PY - 1994/10/1/medline PY - 1994/10/1/entrez SP - 607 EP - 13 JF - British journal of pharmacology JO - Br J Pharmacol VL - 113 IS - 2 N2 - 1. In the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia caeci, bradykinin produces a relaxation followed by a contraction. In the presence of hexamethonium and guanethidine, both these phases of the response were insensitive to tetrodotoxin (100 nM), omega-conotoxin GVIA (100 nM) and ibuprofen (1 microM), suggesting that they are due to a direct action on the smooth muscle. 2. The B1 receptor-selective agonist, [des-Arg9]-BK (1-100 microM), was inactive in the taenia caeci, and the B1 receptor-selective antagonist, [Leu8,des-Arg9]-BK (1-10 microM), did not inhibit either phase of the bradykinin-induced response. The B2 receptor-selective antagonist, D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK (Hoe 140) (30-300 nM), inhibited both the bradykinin-induced relaxation and contraction with a similar affinity (apparent pKB estimates of 8.5 +/- 0.1 and 8.4 +/- 0.1 respectively). 3. In a depolarizing high-K(+)-solution, bradykinin produced concentration-related contractions, though of diminished magnitude; but no relaxation was observed in such media. In Krebs solution, the Ca(2+)-activated K(+)-channel blocker, apamin (10 nM), abolished relaxant responses. These observations suggest that contraction results both from membrane potential-dependent, and membrane potential-independent, mechanisms; whereas relaxant responses result entirely from membrane potential-dependent mechanisms. Contractile responses obtained in the high K(+)-solution were inhibited by D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK with an apparent pKB value of 8.4 +/- 0.1. 4. In a Ca(2+)-free, EGTA-containing medium, relatively high concentrations of bradykinin (> 100 nM) produced transient contractions, suggesting that a component of the contractile response results from release of Ca2+ from an intracellular store. This intracellular Ca2+ store could be refilled in the presence of extracellular Ca2+. The B, receptor antagonist, [Leu8,des-Argj-BK (10 micro M), did not inhibit this bradykinin-induced contraction, whereas the B2 receptor antagonist, D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK(100 nM) markedly attenuated it (P<0.001; n = 6).5. Bradykinin (10 nM- 100 micro M) significantly elevated tissue levels of total [3H]-inositol phosphates in the presence of Li?, after incubation with myo-[3H]-inositol. The B, receptor-selective agonist, [des-Argl-BK(100IM) did not stimulate [3H]-inositol phosphate formation, and the B, receptor-selective antagonist,[Leu8,des-Argl-BK, did not inhibit the formation of [3H]-inositol phosphates in response to a submaximal concentration of bradykinin (1I0 1M; P> 0.05). Two B2 receptor antagonists, D-Arg-[Hyp3,DPhe7]-BK and D-Arg-[Hyp3,Thi5,D-Tic7,Oic8]-BK, inhibited bradykinin-induced accumulation of total[3H]-inositol phosphates with apparent pKB estimates of 5.4 +/0 0.3 and 8.4 +/- 0.1, respectively.6. These data suggest that in the guinea-pig taenia caeci, the five aspects of the action of bradykinin studied (the relaxant and the contractile elements of the biphasic mechanical response, the contractile response in a depolarizing high-K' solution medium and zero-Ca2+ media, and stimulation of phosphatidylinositol turnover), all result from activation of B2 receptors. A possible causal relationship is suggested between these B2 receptor-mediated membrane potential-dependent, and -independent events,and their roles in excitation contraction coupling. SN - 0007-1188 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7834214/Bradykinin_B2_receptors_and_coupling_mechanisms_in_the_smooth_muscle_of_the_guinea_pig_taenia_caeci_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=0007-1188&amp;date=1994&amp;volume=113&amp;issue=2&amp;spage=607 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -