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Coronary heart disease and coronary risk factor prevalence in rural Rajasthan.
J Assoc Physicians India. 1994 Jan; 42(1):24-6.JA

Abstract

To determine the prevalence of coronary risk factors and coronary heart disease (CHD) in rural Rajasthan, 1150 randomly selected individuals in a cluster of villages in central Rajasthan have been studied. These included 805 men and 345 women. The prevalence of various coronary risk factors in the whole group were: Smoking 488 (42.4%); Diabetes (history): 5(0.4%); Alcohol intake: 146 (12.7%); Sedentary lifestyle: 797 (69.3%); Stressful life events: 48 (4.2%); Hypertension (BP > or = 140/90) 152 (13.2%); obesity (BMI > or = 27 Kg/M2): 194 (10.9%); and Truncal obesity (waist:hip > or = 0.93): 20.8%. The overall prevalence of CHD was 46.1/1000. Patients with CHD had a higher prevalence of male sex (67.9 vs 51.5%); educated persons (30.2 vs 28.8%); businessmen (13.2 vs 10.2%); smoking (47.2 vs 40.5%); sedentary lifestyle (75.5 vs 62.3%); stressful life events (7.5 vs 4.8%); and hypertension (26.4 vs 14.8%). On the other hand, persons without CHD had higher prevalence of alcohol intake (10.8 vs 7.5%); regular prayers (23.1 vs 22.6%); physically active lifestyle (37.7 vs 24.5%); obesity (13.6 vs 6.9%), and truncal obesity (21.0 vs 20.0%). The following risk factors emerged significant on statistical analysis (Odds ratio, 95% confidence intervals): male sex (1.99, 1.04 to 3.7); hypertension (2.04, 1.01 to 4.09); male smokers (1.80, 1.28 to 4.09); and sedentary lifestyle (1.86, 1.01 to 3.59). This study shows a low prevalence of CHD in rural population which is however more than previously reported studies from India.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Monilek Hospital & Research Centre, Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7836242

Citation

Gupta, R, et al. "Coronary Heart Disease and Coronary Risk Factor Prevalence in Rural Rajasthan." The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, vol. 42, no. 1, 1994, pp. 24-6.
Gupta R, Gupta HP, Keswani P, et al. Coronary heart disease and coronary risk factor prevalence in rural Rajasthan. J Assoc Physicians India. 1994;42(1):24-6.
Gupta, R., Gupta, H. P., Keswani, P., Sharma, S., Gupta, V. P., & Gupta, K. D. (1994). Coronary heart disease and coronary risk factor prevalence in rural Rajasthan. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 42(1), 24-6.
Gupta R, et al. Coronary Heart Disease and Coronary Risk Factor Prevalence in Rural Rajasthan. J Assoc Physicians India. 1994;42(1):24-6. PubMed PMID: 7836242.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coronary heart disease and coronary risk factor prevalence in rural Rajasthan. AU - Gupta,R, AU - Gupta,H P, AU - Keswani,P, AU - Sharma,S, AU - Gupta,V P, AU - Gupta,K D, PY - 1994/1/1/pubmed PY - 1994/1/1/medline PY - 1994/1/1/entrez SP - 24 EP - 6 JF - The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India JO - J Assoc Physicians India VL - 42 IS - 1 N2 - To determine the prevalence of coronary risk factors and coronary heart disease (CHD) in rural Rajasthan, 1150 randomly selected individuals in a cluster of villages in central Rajasthan have been studied. These included 805 men and 345 women. The prevalence of various coronary risk factors in the whole group were: Smoking 488 (42.4%); Diabetes (history): 5(0.4%); Alcohol intake: 146 (12.7%); Sedentary lifestyle: 797 (69.3%); Stressful life events: 48 (4.2%); Hypertension (BP > or = 140/90) 152 (13.2%); obesity (BMI > or = 27 Kg/M2): 194 (10.9%); and Truncal obesity (waist:hip > or = 0.93): 20.8%. The overall prevalence of CHD was 46.1/1000. Patients with CHD had a higher prevalence of male sex (67.9 vs 51.5%); educated persons (30.2 vs 28.8%); businessmen (13.2 vs 10.2%); smoking (47.2 vs 40.5%); sedentary lifestyle (75.5 vs 62.3%); stressful life events (7.5 vs 4.8%); and hypertension (26.4 vs 14.8%). On the other hand, persons without CHD had higher prevalence of alcohol intake (10.8 vs 7.5%); regular prayers (23.1 vs 22.6%); physically active lifestyle (37.7 vs 24.5%); obesity (13.6 vs 6.9%), and truncal obesity (21.0 vs 20.0%). The following risk factors emerged significant on statistical analysis (Odds ratio, 95% confidence intervals): male sex (1.99, 1.04 to 3.7); hypertension (2.04, 1.01 to 4.09); male smokers (1.80, 1.28 to 4.09); and sedentary lifestyle (1.86, 1.01 to 3.59). This study shows a low prevalence of CHD in rural population which is however more than previously reported studies from India. SN - 0004-5772 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7836242/Coronary_heart_disease_and_coronary_risk_factor_prevalence_in_rural_Rajasthan_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/130 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -