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The etiology of pneumonia in malnourished and well-nourished Gambian children.
Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1994 Nov; 13(11):975-82.PI

Abstract

During a 2-year period 159 malnourished children ages 3 months to 5 years with radiologic evidence of pneumonia were investigated to determine the cause of their pneumonia. In addition 119 malnourished children without pneumonia, 119 well-nourished children with pneumonia and 52 well-nourished children without pneumonia were studied as controls. Percutaneous lung aspiration was performed on 35 malnourished and 59 well-nourished children with pneumonia. Bacteria were isolated from the blood, lung or pleural fluid of 28 (18%) malnourished children with pneumonia, 42 (35%) well-nourished children with pneumonia and from the blood of 5 (4%) malnourished children without pneumonia. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, which were the two organisms isolated most frequently in both groups of children with pneumonia, were found in 17 (11%) malnourished and 39 (33%) well-nourished children with pneumonia. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected in 5 malnourished children with pneumonia. A potentially pathogenic virus was identified in 35% of malnourished children with pneumonia and 40% of well-nourished children with pneumonia, and from 25% of children without pneumonia. The viruses identified most frequently were adenovirus and respiratory syncytial virus.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical Research Council Laboratories, Banjul, Gambia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7845751

Citation

Adegbola, R A., et al. "The Etiology of Pneumonia in Malnourished and Well-nourished Gambian Children." The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 13, no. 11, 1994, pp. 975-82.
Adegbola RA, Falade AG, Sam BE, et al. The etiology of pneumonia in malnourished and well-nourished Gambian children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1994;13(11):975-82.
Adegbola, R. A., Falade, A. G., Sam, B. E., Aidoo, M., Baldeh, I., Hazlett, D., Whittle, H., Greenwood, B. M., & Mulholland, E. K. (1994). The etiology of pneumonia in malnourished and well-nourished Gambian children. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 13(11), 975-82.
Adegbola RA, et al. The Etiology of Pneumonia in Malnourished and Well-nourished Gambian Children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1994;13(11):975-82. PubMed PMID: 7845751.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The etiology of pneumonia in malnourished and well-nourished Gambian children. AU - Adegbola,R A, AU - Falade,A G, AU - Sam,B E, AU - Aidoo,M, AU - Baldeh,I, AU - Hazlett,D, AU - Whittle,H, AU - Greenwood,B M, AU - Mulholland,E K, PY - 1994/11/1/pubmed PY - 1994/11/1/medline PY - 1994/11/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Bacterial And Fungal Diseases KW - Case Control Studies KW - Child KW - Child Nutrition KW - Deficiency Diseases KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Edema KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Gambia KW - Health KW - Infections KW - Kwashiorkor KW - Malnutrition KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Research Report KW - Respiratory Infections--etiology KW - Signs And Symptoms KW - Studies KW - Tuberculosis KW - Viral Diseases KW - Western Africa KW - Youth SP - 975 EP - 82 JF - The Pediatric infectious disease journal JO - Pediatr Infect Dis J VL - 13 IS - 11 N2 - During a 2-year period 159 malnourished children ages 3 months to 5 years with radiologic evidence of pneumonia were investigated to determine the cause of their pneumonia. In addition 119 malnourished children without pneumonia, 119 well-nourished children with pneumonia and 52 well-nourished children without pneumonia were studied as controls. Percutaneous lung aspiration was performed on 35 malnourished and 59 well-nourished children with pneumonia. Bacteria were isolated from the blood, lung or pleural fluid of 28 (18%) malnourished children with pneumonia, 42 (35%) well-nourished children with pneumonia and from the blood of 5 (4%) malnourished children without pneumonia. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, which were the two organisms isolated most frequently in both groups of children with pneumonia, were found in 17 (11%) malnourished and 39 (33%) well-nourished children with pneumonia. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected in 5 malnourished children with pneumonia. A potentially pathogenic virus was identified in 35% of malnourished children with pneumonia and 40% of well-nourished children with pneumonia, and from 25% of children without pneumonia. The viruses identified most frequently were adenovirus and respiratory syncytial virus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0891-3668 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7845751/The_etiology_of_pneumonia_in_malnourished_and_well_nourished_Gambian_children_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=7845751.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -