A clean-up method for analysis of trace amounts of microcystins in lake water.Toxicon 1994; 32(10):1251-9T
A clean-up method using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) was developed to pursue trace amounts of microcystins in lake water. The method consisted of the combined usage of octadecyl silanized (ODS) silica gel and silica gel cartridges. In the first clean-up process, the retention behavior of microcystin RR on ODS silica gel cartridge was carefully observed together with microcystin LR, and 10% water-methanol was chosen as the best solvent system to elute microcystins from the ODS silica gel cartridge. Because many impurities still remained in the desired fraction from the raw water even after the clean-up with ODS silica gel, an additional clean-up process was developed using various cartridges. As a result of extensive experiments, the second clean-up process using silica gel cartridge was established, and the impurities were effectively eliminated. The present method including a tandem cartridge system allowed a precise analysis of microcystins in water samples from three different lakes at a 0.02 ppb level.