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Infant-feeding practices in urban and rural communities of the Sudan.
Trop Geogr Med. 1994; 46(5):309-12.TG

Abstract

Infant-feeding and weaning practices were investigated in a multistage randomly selected sample of 1,039 Sudanese mothers who represented six of the nine States of the Sudan. The majority (77.9%) believed that breast milk was best for their babies, emphasizing the previously reported high breast-feeding rate in Sudanese mothers. Food supplementation started by 6 months in 82.5% mainly in urban middle and high classes (UMC and UHC) compared to urban poor class (UPC) and the rural group (RG; p < 0.001). A mixture of food items was used for supplementation by 62.1% of the study group, whereas giving one food item was significantly more practised in RG (54.9%) compared to others (p < 0.001). Household food was introduced by 6 months in 35.4%. Weaning started between 6 and 12 months in 27.1% and thereafter in 64.9%. A greater proportion of rural mothers (36.5%) weaned their babies after the age of 18 months (p < 0.001). About half the children (52.8%) were weaned abruptly, mainly among UPC and RG. The first food item of choice for weaning was fresh goat's or cow's milk (77.6%), followed by powdered or formula milk (16.1%). The commonest second preferred food was a starch gruel (39.1%) made either of rice (24.5%) or fermented sorghum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7855919

Citation

el Bushra, H M., et al. "Infant-feeding Practices in Urban and Rural Communities of the Sudan." Tropical and Geographical Medicine, vol. 46, no. 5, 1994, pp. 309-12.
el Bushra HM, Salih MA, Satti SA, et al. Infant-feeding practices in urban and rural communities of the Sudan. Trop Geogr Med. 1994;46(5):309-12.
el Bushra, H. M., Salih, M. A., Satti, S. A., Ahmed, M. e. l. . F., & Kamil, I. A. (1994). Infant-feeding practices in urban and rural communities of the Sudan. Tropical and Geographical Medicine, 46(5), 309-12.
el Bushra HM, et al. Infant-feeding Practices in Urban and Rural Communities of the Sudan. Trop Geogr Med. 1994;46(5):309-12. PubMed PMID: 7855919.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Infant-feeding practices in urban and rural communities of the Sudan. AU - el Bushra,H M, AU - Salih,M A, AU - Satti,S A, AU - Ahmed,M el F, AU - Kamil,I A, PY - 1994/1/1/pubmed PY - 1994/1/1/medline PY - 1994/1/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Age Factors KW - Arab Countries KW - Biology KW - Delivery Of Health Care KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Food Supplementation KW - Health KW - Health Services KW - Human Milk KW - Infant KW - Infant Nutrition KW - Lactation KW - Maternal Physiology KW - Milk Substitutes KW - Northern Africa KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Programs KW - Nutrition Surveys KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Primary Health Care KW - Research Report KW - Sudan KW - Weaning KW - Youth SP - 309 EP - 12 JF - Tropical and geographical medicine JO - Trop Geogr Med VL - 46 IS - 5 N2 - Infant-feeding and weaning practices were investigated in a multistage randomly selected sample of 1,039 Sudanese mothers who represented six of the nine States of the Sudan. The majority (77.9%) believed that breast milk was best for their babies, emphasizing the previously reported high breast-feeding rate in Sudanese mothers. Food supplementation started by 6 months in 82.5% mainly in urban middle and high classes (UMC and UHC) compared to urban poor class (UPC) and the rural group (RG; p < 0.001). A mixture of food items was used for supplementation by 62.1% of the study group, whereas giving one food item was significantly more practised in RG (54.9%) compared to others (p < 0.001). Household food was introduced by 6 months in 35.4%. Weaning started between 6 and 12 months in 27.1% and thereafter in 64.9%. A greater proportion of rural mothers (36.5%) weaned their babies after the age of 18 months (p < 0.001). About half the children (52.8%) were weaned abruptly, mainly among UPC and RG. The first food item of choice for weaning was fresh goat's or cow's milk (77.6%), followed by powdered or formula milk (16.1%). The commonest second preferred food was a starch gruel (39.1%) made either of rice (24.5%) or fermented sorghum. SN - 0041-3232 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7855919/Infant_feeding_practices_in_urban_and_rural_communities_of_the_Sudan_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/breastfeeding.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -