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Nutritional status of 3-6 year-old African children in the Cape Peninsula.
East Afr Med J 1994; 71(11):695-702EA

Abstract

A survey was conducted in the Cape Town metropolitan area in 1990 to determine the dietary intake and anthropometric status of 3-6 year-old African children (N = 163). Dietary data obtained from 24-hour recalls revealed that mean energy intake (5200 kJ) was low and that mean intakes of most nutrients fell considerably below the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs). The average diet included an adequate number of portions from the meat and cereal groups, but was inadequate with respect to the milk and fruit/vegetable groups when compared with the recommendations of the Department of Health Services and Welfare. The macronutrient energy distribution was within prudent dietary guidelines, with 28.1% of energy (E) being obtained from total fat, 63.7% from carbohydrate and 13.2% from protein. Anthropometric profiles expressed in terms of the National Centre for Health Statistics' (NCHS) standards, revealed evidence of growth retardation and wasting in this population, coexisting with emergent obesity. The development of a nutrition and health policy to address the problems of both deficit and excess represents a pressing challenge.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle, Centre for Epidemiological Research in Southern Africa, Tygerberg.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7859652

Citation

Bourne, L T., et al. "Nutritional Status of 3-6 Year-old African Children in the Cape Peninsula." East African Medical Journal, vol. 71, no. 11, 1994, pp. 695-702.
Bourne LT, Langenhoven ML, Steyn K, et al. Nutritional status of 3-6 year-old African children in the Cape Peninsula. East Afr Med J. 1994;71(11):695-702.
Bourne, L. T., Langenhoven, M. L., Steyn, K., Jooste, P. L., Laubscher, J. A., & Bourne, D. E. (1994). Nutritional status of 3-6 year-old African children in the Cape Peninsula. East African Medical Journal, 71(11), pp. 695-702.
Bourne LT, et al. Nutritional Status of 3-6 Year-old African Children in the Cape Peninsula. East Afr Med J. 1994;71(11):695-702. PubMed PMID: 7859652.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status of 3-6 year-old African children in the Cape Peninsula. AU - Bourne,L T, AU - Langenhoven,M L, AU - Steyn,K, AU - Jooste,P L, AU - Laubscher,J A, AU - Bourne,D E, PY - 1994/11/1/pubmed PY - 1994/11/1/medline PY - 1994/11/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Biology KW - Body Weight KW - Caloric Intake KW - Child KW - Child Development KW - Child Nutrition KW - Deficiency Diseases KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diet KW - Diseases KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Growth KW - Health KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Nutrition Surveys KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Research Report KW - South Africa KW - Southern Africa KW - Youth SP - 695 EP - 702 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 71 IS - 11 N2 - A survey was conducted in the Cape Town metropolitan area in 1990 to determine the dietary intake and anthropometric status of 3-6 year-old African children (N = 163). Dietary data obtained from 24-hour recalls revealed that mean energy intake (5200 kJ) was low and that mean intakes of most nutrients fell considerably below the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs). The average diet included an adequate number of portions from the meat and cereal groups, but was inadequate with respect to the milk and fruit/vegetable groups when compared with the recommendations of the Department of Health Services and Welfare. The macronutrient energy distribution was within prudent dietary guidelines, with 28.1% of energy (E) being obtained from total fat, 63.7% from carbohydrate and 13.2% from protein. Anthropometric profiles expressed in terms of the National Centre for Health Statistics' (NCHS) standards, revealed evidence of growth retardation and wasting in this population, coexisting with emergent obesity. The development of a nutrition and health policy to address the problems of both deficit and excess represents a pressing challenge. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7859652/Nutritional_status_of_3_6_year_old_African_children_in_the_Cape_Peninsula_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childnutrition.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -