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Vitamin and mineral intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American preschoolers.
J Am Diet Assoc. 1995 Mar; 95(3):329-35.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess vitamin and mineral intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American preschoolers.

DESIGN

By use of interview and observation methods, acquire food intake data, calculate total nutrient intake, and compare selected nutrients to the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for ethnic and gender groups.

SUBJECTS

Low- to middle-income parents and their preschool children (N = 351) recruited from preschools in San Diego, Calif, consented to participate in the Study of Children's Activity and Nutrition conducted by researchers at the University of California, San Diego.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Data regarding 15 nutrients were summarized based on the average of two food intake records for each preschooler.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Means and standard deviations were used to describe micronutrient intakes for ethnic and gender groups; analyses of variance and t tests were performed to determine ethnic and gender differences.

RESULTS

Boys and Anglo-Americans had higher total nutrient intakes than girls and Mexican-Americans, respectively. Mexican-Americans had higher nutrient intakes per energy intake, which indicates a micronutrient-dense diet. When each nutrient was considered by the two thirds of the RDA criterion (66% of the RDA means adequate intake), the nutrients most likely to be inadequate were iron, zinc, vitamin D, vitamin C, and niacin. Mexican-American girls had significantly lower calcium intakes than the other gender and ethnic groups.

APPLICATION

Parents and day care providers must ensure that preschoolers, especially girls and Mexican-Americans, eat nutrient-rich foods in adequate quantities that will achieve the recommended intakes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Community Pediatrics Division, La Jolla 92093-0927.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7860945

Citation

Zive, M M., et al. "Vitamin and Mineral Intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American Preschoolers." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 95, no. 3, 1995, pp. 329-35.
Zive MM, Taras HL, Broyles SL, et al. Vitamin and mineral intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American preschoolers. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995;95(3):329-35.
Zive, M. M., Taras, H. L., Broyles, S. L., Frank-Spohrer, G. C., & Nader, P. R. (1995). Vitamin and mineral intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American preschoolers. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 95(3), 329-35.
Zive MM, et al. Vitamin and Mineral Intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American Preschoolers. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995;95(3):329-35. PubMed PMID: 7860945.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin and mineral intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American preschoolers. AU - Zive,M M, AU - Taras,H L, AU - Broyles,S L, AU - Frank-Spohrer,G C, AU - Nader,P R, PY - 1995/3/1/pubmed PY - 1995/3/1/medline PY - 1995/3/1/entrez SP - 329 EP - 35 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 95 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess vitamin and mineral intakes of Anglo-American and Mexican-American preschoolers. DESIGN: By use of interview and observation methods, acquire food intake data, calculate total nutrient intake, and compare selected nutrients to the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for ethnic and gender groups. SUBJECTS: Low- to middle-income parents and their preschool children (N = 351) recruited from preschools in San Diego, Calif, consented to participate in the Study of Children's Activity and Nutrition conducted by researchers at the University of California, San Diego. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Data regarding 15 nutrients were summarized based on the average of two food intake records for each preschooler. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Means and standard deviations were used to describe micronutrient intakes for ethnic and gender groups; analyses of variance and t tests were performed to determine ethnic and gender differences. RESULTS: Boys and Anglo-Americans had higher total nutrient intakes than girls and Mexican-Americans, respectively. Mexican-Americans had higher nutrient intakes per energy intake, which indicates a micronutrient-dense diet. When each nutrient was considered by the two thirds of the RDA criterion (66% of the RDA means adequate intake), the nutrients most likely to be inadequate were iron, zinc, vitamin D, vitamin C, and niacin. Mexican-American girls had significantly lower calcium intakes than the other gender and ethnic groups. APPLICATION: Parents and day care providers must ensure that preschoolers, especially girls and Mexican-Americans, eat nutrient-rich foods in adequate quantities that will achieve the recommended intakes. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7860945/Vitamin_and_mineral_intakes_of_Anglo_American_and_Mexican_American_preschoolers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(95)00085-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -