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Dietary habits as risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1995; 7(1):47-51EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the influence of dietary factors in Italian patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

DESIGN

We studied dietary habits immediately prior to the onset of disease in 104 patients enrolled in a prospective, epidemiological study of the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Italy.

METHODS

Each patient was interviewed using a recall questionnaire to provide information on the daily intake of nutrients. The differences in diet between patients and healthy subjects matched for age, sex and city of residence were determined.

RESULTS

Our data confirm that patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis have a high intake of total carbohydrate, starch and refined sugar. This resulted in a significantly higher relative risk (P < 0.001) in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease patients. Total protein intake was significantly higher in ulcerative colitis, but not in Crohn's disease patients, than in controls. Fibre consumption did not differ between patients and controls.

CONCLUSIONS

Our results confirm that carbohydrate consumption is significantly higher in IBD patients than in healthy controls. Ulcerative colitis patients also consumed more total protein than controls. The pathogenetic significance of these findings, however, remains unclear.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Internal Medicine, Bellaria Hospital, University of Bologna, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7866810

Citation

Tragnone, A, et al. "Dietary Habits as Risk Factors for Inflammatory Bowel Disease." European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, vol. 7, no. 1, 1995, pp. 47-51.
Tragnone A, Valpiani D, Miglio F, et al. Dietary habits as risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1995;7(1):47-51.
Tragnone, A., Valpiani, D., Miglio, F., Elmi, G., Bazzocchi, G., Pipitone, E., & Lanfranchi, G. A. (1995). Dietary habits as risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 7(1), pp. 47-51.
Tragnone A, et al. Dietary Habits as Risk Factors for Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1995;7(1):47-51. PubMed PMID: 7866810.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary habits as risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease. AU - Tragnone,A, AU - Valpiani,D, AU - Miglio,F, AU - Elmi,G, AU - Bazzocchi,G, AU - Pipitone,E, AU - Lanfranchi,G A, PY - 1995/1/1/pubmed PY - 1995/1/1/medline PY - 1995/1/1/entrez SP - 47 EP - 51 JF - European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology JO - Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol VL - 7 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of dietary factors in Italian patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. DESIGN: We studied dietary habits immediately prior to the onset of disease in 104 patients enrolled in a prospective, epidemiological study of the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Italy. METHODS: Each patient was interviewed using a recall questionnaire to provide information on the daily intake of nutrients. The differences in diet between patients and healthy subjects matched for age, sex and city of residence were determined. RESULTS: Our data confirm that patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis have a high intake of total carbohydrate, starch and refined sugar. This resulted in a significantly higher relative risk (P < 0.001) in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease patients. Total protein intake was significantly higher in ulcerative colitis, but not in Crohn's disease patients, than in controls. Fibre consumption did not differ between patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that carbohydrate consumption is significantly higher in IBD patients than in healthy controls. Ulcerative colitis patients also consumed more total protein than controls. The pathogenetic significance of these findings, however, remains unclear. SN - 0954-691X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7866810/Dietary_habits_as_risk_factors_for_inflammatory_bowel_disease_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/crohnsdisease.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -